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Gangetic River Dolphins. UPSC NOTE


  • 19 Gangetic river dolphins had been rescued from the irrigation canals of the Ganga-Ghagra basin in Uttar Pradesh between 2013 and 2020.

  • Dams and barrages had severely affected this habitat as dolphins moved into irrigation canals.

  •  They were at a risk of injury or death from a multiple factors, such as rapidly receding waters, heat stroke and human interferences.

  • The Ganga–Ghaghra Basin is an international river basin that extends across the regions of India, Nepal and Bangladesh

  • The area of ​​the Ganga-Ghaghra basin is approximately 1,000,000 square kilometers.

  • Water is an important resource for the Ganga-Ghaghra basin. This basin is used for irrigation, drinking water, power generation and flood control.

  • People of India, Nepal and Bangladesh can be saved from water crisis.

  • The Ganges river dolphin (Platanista gangetica) is a species of freshwater.

  • Dolphin found in the Ganges and Brahmaputra river.

  •  Largest freshwater dolphins in the world, with males reaching up to 2.6 meters in length and females reaching up to 3 meters. 

  • Ganges river dolphins are typically gray or brown in color, with a lighter belly. 

  • Ganges river dolphins are social animals and live in groups of up to 20 individuals.

  • Ganges river dolphins are an endangered species in IUCN Red list.

  • Ganges river dolphins are an important part of the aquatic ecosystem and their survival is essential for maintaining a healthy and balanced environment.



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Learnerz IAS | Concept oriented UPSC Classes in Malayalam: Gangetic River Dolphins. UPSC NOTE
Gangetic River Dolphins. UPSC NOTE
Learnerz IAS | Concept oriented UPSC Classes in Malayalam
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