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Global Gender Gap Report UPSC NOTE

 Global Gender Gap Report

  • The Global Gender Gap Report is an annual report.

  • It is  published by the World Economic Forum

It measures the progress of countries in closing the gender gap in four key areas: 

  1. Economic participation and opportunity, 

  2. Educational attainment, 

  3. Health and survival, 

  4. Political empowerment.

  • The report has been published since 2006.

  • Report shows the global gender gap has narrowed over time. 

Global Gender Gap Report

  • However, progress has been slow and uneven. 

  • In 2022, the global gender gap was 68.1%, meaning that women are still only 68.1% as well-off as men.

  • India ranked 127 out of 146 countries in the Global Gender Gap Report 2023.

  •  This is an improvement of eight places from the previous year.

  • India's highest score is in the Political Empowerment sub index, where it ranks 48th. 

  • This is due to the relatively high representation of women in parliament and ministerial positions.

Global Gender Gap Report

  • However, India's score in the other three sub indexes is much lower.

  • In the Economic Participation and Opportunity sub index, India ranks 132nd.

  • In the Educational Attainment sub index, India ranks 117th.

  • In the Health and Survival sub index, India ranks 146th.

Gender Inequality

  • India is a patriarchal society, and gender inequality is a persistent problem. 

  • Women are often denied equal opportunities in education, employment, and public life

  • They are also more likely to experience violence and discrimination.

The factors causes gender inequality in India

  1. Socio-cultural norms and attitudes

  2. Economic inequality

  3. Violence against women

Women reservation bill in India

  • The Women's Reservation Bill in India is a to reserve 33% of seats in the Lok Sabha and the state legislative assemblies for women. 

  • The bill has received its consent from president of Bharat.

  • The Bill has been praised for its potential to empower women in India. 

  • By increasing the number of women in elected office, the bill would give women a greater voice in the decision-making process. 

  • It would also send a strong message that women are valued and respected in Indian society.

  • It would help to ensure that women's issues are represented in government.



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Learnerz IAS | Concept oriented UPSC Classes in Malayalam: Global Gender Gap Report UPSC NOTE
Global Gender Gap Report UPSC NOTE
Learnerz IAS | Concept oriented UPSC Classes in Malayalam
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