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Impact on Disaster in Agriculture and Food Security UPSC NOTE

 

  • Disaster events becoming more frequent and severe as well impact is also expected to worsen. 

  • The year 2023 marked as warmest decade on record, followed by unprecedented extreme weather events and large-scale disasters. 

  • A report by the FAO found that the frequency of extreme disaster events has risen significantly over the past 50 years

  • The 1970s saw approximately 100 disaster events per year. 

  • In the last 20 years, that number went up to about 400, globally.

  • Globally, the agriculture sector faces growing threats from hazards such as flooding, water scarcity, drought, and environmental degradation. 

  • In Pakistan, exceptional monsoon rainfalls in 2022 led to nearly $4 billion in damages to the agricultural sector. 

  • In the U.S., the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration estimated over $21.4 billion in crop and rangeland losses in 2022.

  • Data from 88 Post-Disaster Needs Assessments surveys conducted from 2007 to 2022 in 60 countries indicated that agricultural losses constituted an average of 23% of the overall impact of disasters across all sectors. 

  • A comprehensive global estimate of economic losses across all sectors is unavailable.

  • PDNAs revealed that more than 65% of losses attributed by  drought.

  • While floods, storms, cyclones, and volcanic activities each accounted for roughly 20%.

  • Findings indicated that estimated losses in these sub-sectors have been gradually increasing over the past three decades. 

  • The total loss from extreme events over the past 31 years amounted to approximately $3.8 trillion, averaging about $123 billion per year.

  • Losses across major crop and livestock product groups exhibited increasing trends.

  • Over the past three decades, estimated losses in cereals averaged 69 million tonnes annually. 

  • Losses in fruits and vegetables, along with sugar crops, averaged 40 million tonnes each annually

  • Meats, dairy products, and eggs experienced an estimated loss of 16 million tonnes per year.

  • Asia bore the largest share of economic losses (45%), while Africa, Europe, and the Americas displayed similar orders of magnitude. 

  • Oceania experienced the lowest total losses.

  • In absolute terms, high-income countries, lower-middle-income countries, and upper-middle-income countries reported higher losses.

  • In low-income countries and Small Island Developing States experienced lower levels. 

  • However, when considering losses relative to agricultural value added, low-income countries suffered losses more than double those of upper-middle-income countries on average.


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Learnerz IAS | Concept oriented UPSC Classes in Malayalam: Impact on Disaster in Agriculture and Food Security UPSC NOTE
Impact on Disaster in Agriculture and Food Security UPSC NOTE
Learnerz IAS | Concept oriented UPSC Classes in Malayalam
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