India’s youth mental health UPSC NOTE

 India’s Demographic Dividend

  • India's demographic dividend is the potential for rapid economic growth.

  •  This can result from having a large working-age population. 

  • When the working-age population is larger than the dependent population, there are more people to produce goods and services.

  • There are fewer people who need to be supported.

  • The working-age population can save more money and invest more in the economy. 

  • India's demographic dividend is expected to peak around 2041.

India’s Demographic Dividend

  • It is estimated that it could add up to 10 percentage points to India's annual economic growth rate.

  • India needs to invest in its people and create high-quality jobs.

  •  In order to reap the full benefits of its demographic dividend.

Importance of addressing mental health issues among adolescents 

  • Mental health is just as important as physical health.

  • In India , where mental health is still shrouded in stigma and taboo.

  • Mental health issues are common among young people in India. 

  • A 2015-2016 study by the National Institute of Mental Health and Neuro Sciences found that 7.3% of young people in India aged 13-17 years suffered from a severe mental illness.

Factors that contribute to mental problems in young people, including:

  • Academic pressure

  • Family expectations

  • Peer pressure

  • Social media

  • Poverty

  • Trauma

  • Mental health illness can lead to academic problems, social isolation, and substance abuse.

  • They can also increase the risk of suicide.

Remedial measures

  • Raise awareness of mental health.

  • Increase access to mental health services.

  • Train teachers and other professionals on mental health.

  • Create a supportive environment.

Rashtriya Kishor Swasthya Karyakram

  • RKSK is a national program run by the Ministry of Health and Family Welfare.

  • RKSK works to promote adolescent health and development. 

  • The program targets boys and girls aged 10 to 19 years.

RKSK has six strategic priorities:

  • Nutrition.

  • Sexual and Reproductive Health (SRH

  • Noncommunicable diseases (NCDs)

  • Substance abuse.

  • Injury and violence.

  • Mental health.

RKSK is implemented at three levels:

  • Individual level.

  • Family level.

  • Community level.



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Learnerz IAS | Concept oriented UPSC Classes in Malayalam: India’s youth mental health UPSC NOTE
India’s youth mental health UPSC NOTE
Learnerz IAS | Concept oriented UPSC Classes in Malayalam
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