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SDGs in Higher Education UPSC NOTE

 Overview of sustainable Development Goals(SDGs) 

  • The United Nations Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) are a set of 17 goals with 169 targets.

  • All 193 UN member states have agreed to try to achieve by 2030.

  • SDGs are a matter of urgency, and actions by all countries.

  • Both developed and developing Countries, to end poverty and other socio-economic and environmental problems.

  • It also align with strategies that improve the standard of life and education, reduce inequality, and harness economic growth.

  • 8 years, since the inception of these goals, the SDGs Report 2023 flagged slow progress and painted a grim picture.

  • This is due to the prolonged effects of COVID-19, impacts of the climate crisis, the Russia-Ukraine conflict, and a weak global economy.

  • India, managed the crises of the global economy and relatively succeeded in overcoming the challenges posed by the pandemic.

  • But India has suffered a setback in achieving these goals.

Higher Education and SDGs
  • SDG4 pertains to access to quality education.

  • SDG4 a prerequisite for the achievement of other goals.

  • India, with a long-standing history of education, has accelerated efforts to ensure the achievement of SDGs through various reform.

  •  National Education Policy (NEP) 2020 should be given credit to a great extent to achieve SDGs.

  • According OECD report , people with a higher education degree are more employable and earn an average of 54% more than those who only have completed senior secondary education.

  • A university-inclusive education, thus, 

  1. Better protects people against poverty (SDG1), 

  2. Prevents them from hunger (SDG2), 

  3. Supports them for good health and well-being (SDG3), 

  4. Promotes gender equality (SDG5), 

  5. Provides them decent work, which in turn drives economic growth (SDG 8),  

  6. Reduces inequalities (SDG10).

  • Universities should strengthen the research-teaching nexus, Thus students will become direct benefactors of the knowledge generated from research.

  • Multidisciplinary and interdisciplinary systems of education produce multitalented people who can pursue research.

Way forward 

  • NEP 2020 demands that Indian higher education be committed to mapping its day-to-day operations with SDGs.

  • Ranking universities according to the achievement of SDGs is a welcome move.

  • Every citizen must feel that the universities contribute directly to their well-being and nation-building.

  • Universities should come out and play a part in the education, innovation, culture, and civic life of their local communities

  • It Includes Community health, energy-saving measures, efficient resource allocation, waste reduction, development of local skills, as well as the sharing of services, infrastructure, and facilities with other universities or external partners should become a culture in universities.


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Learnerz IAS | Concept oriented UPSC Classes in Malayalam: SDGs in Higher Education UPSC NOTE
SDGs in Higher Education UPSC NOTE
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