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Serotonin UPSC NOTE

 Why in News

  • Researchers have finally uncovered a multiorgan pathway with important implications for the pathogenesis of Long COVID.

  • People suffering from Long COVID also exhibit reduced levels of peripheral serotonin, which prevents the activity of the vagus nerve system.

What is and Importance of Serotonin.

  • Serotonin is a neurotransmitter .

  • Serotonin is produced in the brain and in the gut

  • It is synthesized from the amino acid tryptophan, which is found in many foods, including turkey, chicken, fish, eggs, dairy products, and beans.

When serotonin binds to its receptors, it causes a variety of effects, including:

  • Increased activity in the prefrontal cortex, which is involved in planning, decision-making, and mood regulation.

  • Decreased activity in the amygdala, which is involved in fear and anxiety.

  • Increased activity in the hypothalamus, which is involved in appetite, sleep, and sexual function.

Serotonin levels can be affected in,

Diet: Eating a diet rich in tryptophan can help to increase serotonin levels.

Exercise: Exercise has been shown to increase serotonin levels.

  • Sunlight: Exposure to sunlight can help to increase serotonin levels.

  • Stress: Stress can lead to decreased serotonin levels.

  • Certain medications: Some medications, such as antidepressants, can affect serotonin levels.

Low levels of serotonin can leads,

  • Depression

  • Anxiety

  • Insomnia

  • Overeating

  • Pain


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Learnerz IAS | Concept oriented UPSC Classes in Malayalam: Serotonin UPSC NOTE
Serotonin UPSC NOTE
Learnerz IAS | Concept oriented UPSC Classes in Malayalam
https://www.learnerz.in/2023/10/serotonin-upsc-note.html
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