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Swidden Agriculture UPSC NOTE

 Swidden Agriculture

What is Swidden Agriculture

  • Swidden agriculture, AKA shifting cultivation.

  • It is a traditional agricultural practice in which a plot of forest is cleared, cultivated for a few years, and then left to fallow for a long period of time before being cultivated again.

  •  Swidden agriculture is practiced in many parts of the world, including Southeast Asia, Africa, and South America.

  • Swidden agriculture is a sustainable practice when the fallow period is long enough to allow the forest to regenerate. 

What is Swidden Agriculture

  • However, if the fallow period is too short, the soil can become depleted and the forest may not be able to recover.

Swidden agriculture has a number of advantages. 

  • It is a low-input system that does not require the use of fertilizers or pesticides. 

  • It is also a diverse system that produces a variety of crops. 

However, swidden agriculture has also been criticized for its role in deforestation.

What is Swidden Agriculture

Kamlang Tiger Reserve

  • The Kamlang Tiger Reserve is a protected area in the Lohit district of Arunachal Pradesh.

  •  It was established in 1989 and covers an area of 783 square kilometers. 

  • The reserve is home to a variety of wildlife, including tigers, leopards, clouded leopards, elephants, Asian water buffaloes, and several species of birds and reptiles. 

  • The Kamlang Tiger Reserve is an important habitat for tigers. 

  • The reserve is estimated to have a population of around 40 tigers.

  • The Kamlang Tiger Reserve is an important part of the ecosystem of Arunachal Pradesh. 

  • The reserve helps to protect the forests and wildlife of the region. 

  • The reserve also plays an important role in the livelihoods of the local people, who depend on the forest for their livelihood.

Namdhapa Tiger Reserve

  • Namdapha Tiger Reserve is a protected area in Arunachal Pradesh, India. 

  • It is the fourth largest national park in India.

  • It is home to over 1,000 species of plants and 1,400 species of animals.

  • The reserve is famous for its tiger population. 

  • It is also home to other animals such as leopards, clouded leopards, elephants, Asian water buffaloes, and several species of birds and reptiles.

  • Namdapha Tiger Reserve is a UNESCO World Heritage Site.

Namdhapa Tiger Reserve

  • It is one of the most biodiverse regions in the world.

  • Namdapha Tiger Reserve is a popular tourist destination for visitors who want to experience the rich biodiversity of the Eastern Himalayas. 

  • The reserve offers a variety of activities, such as trekking, bird watching, and wildlife safaris. 

  • There are also a number of eco-tourism lodges and camps located in the reserve.



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Learnerz IAS | Concept oriented UPSC Classes in Malayalam: Swidden Agriculture UPSC NOTE
Swidden Agriculture UPSC NOTE
Learnerz IAS | Concept oriented UPSC Classes in Malayalam
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