Download Learnerz IAS app from the Play Store now! Download



Unhealthy in urban India UPSC NOTE

 Health risks faced by India’s urban population

  • India’s urban inhabitants experience multi-scalar health risks.

  • It includes the world’s highest levels of air and noise pollution, limited greenery, lack of access to sidewalks and parks that limit active lifestyles

  • In addition to, pernicious access to nutritionally dense unhealthy foods and unprecedented exposure to toxic chemicals and heavy metals. 

  • This concatenation of exposures dramatically magnifies health risks for heart disease and diabetes, referred to as cardiometabolic disease.

Health risks faced by India’s urban population

  • The cities of India are amidst an epidemic of historic proportions in these disorders.

  • Globally, there are seven key physical provisioning systems that provide food, energy, mobility-transportation, housing, green infrastructure, water and waste management that lie at the core of human health, well-being, equity and sustainability. 

  • Dysfunctional provisioning systems consume more than 90% of the world’s water and global CO2 emissions and facilitate an estimated 19 million premature deaths annually. 

Health risks faced by India’s urban population

  • The socio-spatial-political design of urban provisioning systems in India.

  • These are legacies of a colonial past, manifests in and exacerbates social inequalities in cities, by class, race, age, migrant and disability status.

  • These will  translate to vast disparities in health risks and outcomes. 

  • A new narrative for improving health and well-being in cities is needed. 

  • This is reflected in several high-level policy frameworks, such as the United Nations SDG framework, the New Urban Agenda, and the Health in All Policies approach.

Holistic approach to address these challenges

  • Studies that have modelled the economic and health impact of the clean energy transition in the transportation sector.

  • Ensuring that the transition to electric cars also paves the way for active transport options. 

  • Walking paths and bicycling lanes  connect the the health and consequent economic benefits of active transportation.

  • On top of the benefits of reducing air pollution, making such investments even more economically viable.

  • Thus, increasing active transportation by any means must be a critical component of a clean energy policy. 

  • Policies that encourage fresh fruits and vegetables and limit sugars and salt in beverages.

  • Which may have the largest impact on health outcomes such as obesity, Type 2 diabetes (T2D) and cardiovascular disease.

  • Urban policies are powerful public health interventions that can serve to promote population health. 

  • Health is, unfortunately, an afterthought in most national urban planning policies.

  • Mostly non-existent in national urban policy documents from lower and middle-income countries.

  • Unhealthy diets, reduced physical activity and air pollution in cities in India pose a greater risk to morbidity and mortality. 

  • These need to be dealt with on a war footing if India is going to make progress in its fight against cardiovascular disease, obesity and T2D. 



Amritsar,1,April 2024,301,Art & Culture,1,August 2023,251,Courses,7,Daily Current Affairs,48,December 2023,189,Disaster Management,2,Environment and Ecology,193,February 2024,228,Foundation Course,1,GDP,1,GEMS Club,1,GEMS Plus,1,Geography,191,Govt Schemes,2,GS 2,1,GS1,6,GS2,68,GS3,26,GST,1,History,11,Home,3,IAS Booklist,1,Important News,71,Indian Economy,173,Indian History,10,Indian Polity,202,International Organisation,12,International Relations,143,Invasive Plant,1,January 2024,240,July 2023,281,July 2024,230,June 2022,6,June 2023,268,June 2024,324,March 2024,238,May 2022,17,May 2024,330,Mentorship,2,November 2023,169,October 2023,203,Places in News,2,Science & Technology,135,Science and Technology,95,September 2023,205,UPSC CSE,111,
Learnerz IAS | Concept oriented UPSC Classes in Malayalam: Unhealthy in urban India UPSC NOTE
Unhealthy in urban India UPSC NOTE
Learnerz IAS | Concept oriented UPSC Classes in Malayalam
Loaded All Posts Not found any posts VIEW ALL Readmore Reply Cancel reply Delete By Home PAGES POSTS View All RECOMMENDED FOR YOU LABEL ARCHIVE SEARCH ALL POSTS Not found any post match with your request Back Home Sunday Monday Tuesday Wednesday Thursday Friday Saturday Sun Mon Tue Wed Thu Fri Sat January February March April May June July August September October November December Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec just now 1 minute ago $$1$$ minutes ago 1 hour ago $$1$$ hours ago Yesterday $$1$$ days ago $$1$$ weeks ago more than 5 weeks ago Followers Follow THIS PREMIUM CONTENT IS LOCKED STEP 1: Share to a social network STEP 2: Click the link on your social network Copy All Code Select All Code All codes were copied to your clipboard Can not copy the codes / texts, please press [CTRL]+[C] (or CMD+C with Mac) to copy Table of Content