Clean Energy UPSC NOTE


  • Clean energy, also known as renewable energy or sustainable energy, is energy that comes from sources that do not produce harmful emissions or pollutants

  • These sources are naturally replenished on a human timescale, meaning they will not run out in the foreseeable future

Clean energy sources,

  1. Solar energy

  2. Wind energy

  3. Hydropower

  4. Geothermal energy

  5. Bioenergy

  • It helps to reduce greenhouse gas emissions and mitigate climate change. 

  • It can help to improve air quality.  

  • The clean energy sector is a growing industry that is creating jobs in manufacturing, installation, and maintenance.

  • Governments around the world are investing in clean energy technologies, and the private sector is also driving innovation in this area. 

  • Clean energy is a key part of the solution to climate change, and it is also essential for ensuring a sustainable future for all.

Share of clean energy in India’s power production

  • The share of clean energy in India's power production has been steadily increasing in recent years. 

  • In 2022, clean energy sources accounted for 25.44% of India's total electricity production

  • This is up from 15.2% in 2010. 

  • India has ambitious goals for increasing its share of clean energy, and it is on track to meet its target of 40% by 2030.

The following is a breakdown of the share of clean energy in India,

  1. Solar power: 10.6%

  2. Wind power: 11.2%

  3. Hydropower: 3.6%

  4. Biomass: 0.04%

  • As of July 2023, India had an installed renewable energy capacity of over 176.49 GW, which is about 43% of the country's total energy capacity.

  • This includes 70.1 GW of solar power, 43.7 GW of wind power, 10.2 GW of biomass power, and 4.94 GW of small hydro power.



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Learnerz IAS | Concept oriented UPSC Classes in Malayalam: Clean Energy UPSC NOTE
Clean Energy UPSC NOTE
Learnerz IAS | Concept oriented UPSC Classes in Malayalam
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