Death penalty UPSC NOTE

 Death penalty

Why in News

The Bharatiya Nyaya Sanhita (BNS), the proposed criminal statute likely to replace the IPC, has not made a recommendation to abolish the death penalty.

Death Penalty need to be abolished or not?

  • The death penalty is a controversial issue that has been debated for centuries. 

  • There are strong arguments both for and against its abolition.

Arguments in favor of the death penalty

  • Deterrence: Supporters of the death penalty argue that it deters crime by making it more likely that criminals will be caught and punished.

  • Retribution: They also argue that it is a just punishment for certain crimes, such as murder.

  • Protection of society: They believe that it is necessary to protect society from dangerous criminals.

Arguments against the death penalty

  • Irreversibility: Opponents of the death penalty argue that it is an irreversible punishment, and that there is always the risk of executing an innocent person.

  • Cruel and unusual punishment: They also argue that it is a cruel and unusual punishment that violates human rights.

  1. Ineffectiveness as a deterrent: They believe that there is no evidence to show that the death penalty is an effective deterrent to crime.

  • In 2022, there were 143 executions carried out worldwide.

  • The countries with the highest number of executions were China (3,500), Iran (314), Saudi Arabia (147), Vietnam (102), and Egypt (15).

  • In 2022, there were 25 executions carried out in the United States

  • The most common method of execution in the United States is lethal injection.



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Learnerz IAS | Concept oriented UPSC Classes in Malayalam: Death penalty UPSC NOTE
Death penalty UPSC NOTE
Learnerz IAS | Concept oriented UPSC Classes in Malayalam
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