Governor – TN Government Issue UPSC NOTE

 Why in News

The Tamil Nadu Assembly on Saturday, in a Special Session, again passed 10 Bills for which Governor R.N. Ravi had earlier withheld assent.

Governor State Government issue in Tamilnadu

  • The relationship between the Governor of Tamil Nadu, R.N. Ravi, and the state government has been strained in recent months due to a number of issues, including the Governor's delay in assenting to bills passed by the state legislature.

  • In October 2023, the TN government filed a petition in the SC accusing the Governor of "deliberately hindering governance" by withholding assent to several bills. 

  • The SC has expressed concern over the delay in governors acting on bills.

  • SC states, governors cannot sit on key bills passed by the legislature. 

  • However, it has also said that governors have a right to seek clarifications from the state government on bills before assenting to them.

  • In November 2023, the SC issued a notice to the Union of India and the Attorney General of India to be present in court when the case is listed for next hearing. 

  • The court has also asked the Tamil Nadu government to file a rejoinder to the Governor's response to its petition.

  • The issue of the Governor's delay in assenting to bills is likely to continue to be a source of tension between the Governor and the state government in the coming months.

  • The Governor's delay in assenting to the NEET Exemption Bill, which was passed by the state legislature in February 2023.

  • The Governor's refusal to assent to a bill that would have banned online gambling.

  • The Governor's withholding of assent to eight bills pertaining to universities.

Article 200 of the Constitution

  • Article 200 of the Constitution of India deals with the assent of the Governor to Bills passed by the State Legislature

  • It outlines the Governor's options in dealing with a bill presented to him for assent.

  • Assent: The Governor can assent to the bill, making it a law of the state.

  • Withhold Assent: The Governor can withhold assent to the bill, effectively preventing it from becoming a law. This is usually done when the Governor has concerns about the legality or constitutionality of the bill.

  • Reserve the Bill for the Consideration of the President: This is usually done when the bill deals with matters that fall within the central government's domain or when the Governor has serious doubts about its legality or constitutionality.

  • Article 200 also provides for the Governor's power to return a non-money bill to the State Legislature for reconsideration

  • If the State Legislature passes the bill again with or without amendments, the Governor must assent to it.

  • The Governor's power to assent to bills is a crucial aspect of the checks and balances in the Indian federal system

  • It ensures that state laws are not in conflict with the Constitution or the laws of the central government. 

  • The Governor's power is not absolute and is subject to judicial review.



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Learnerz IAS | Concept oriented UPSC Classes in Malayalam: Governor – TN Government Issue UPSC NOTE
Governor – TN Government Issue UPSC NOTE
Learnerz IAS | Concept oriented UPSC Classes in Malayalam
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