Why in News

IL – 38 decommissioned after its 46 years of journey.

The IL-38 Sea Dragon heralded long-range maritime surveillance aircraft.

 IL – 38s

  • The IL-38 Sea Dragon is a Russian-built long-range maritime reconnaissance aircraft

  • It was developed by the Soviet Union in the 1960s and entered service in 1968. 

Key features include:

  • Capable to remain in the sea for long periods of time.

  • A powerful radar and sonar system, allowing it to detect surface and underwater activities.

  • An elaborate weapons system, including torpedoes, bombs and missiles.

IL – 38 and India

  • India began purchasing IL-38 Sea Dragon in the 1970s. 

  • India purchased a total of 12 IL-38 aircraft, which became a significant part of the Indian Navy's fleet.

  • The Indian Navy uses the IL-38 Sea Dragon for anti-submarine warfare, maritime reconnaissance and search and rescue. 

  • The induction of IL-38 Sea Dragon into the Indian Navy fleet has significantly improved India's maritime security.

INS Hansa

  • INS Hansa, is an Indian naval air station located near Dabolim in Goa.

  • It is India's biggest naval airbase. 

  • The military air base has a civil enclave, that operates as Dabolim Airport. 


The P-8I is a long-range maritime patrol aircraft based on the Boeing 737 airliner. 

It is equipped with a variety of sensors, including a powerful radar, electro-optical/infrared sensors

INS Hansa


  • Attached with a magnetic anomaly detector. 

  • The P-8I can also carry a variety of weapons, including torpedoes, depth charges, and anti-ship missiles.


  • The C-295 is a medium-range transport aircraft manufactured by Airbus Defence and Space. 

  • It is a versatile aircraft that can be used for a variety of missions,

  • Tactical transport of troops and cargo

  • Paratroop dropping

  • Medical evacuation

  • Maritime patrol

  • Search and rescue

The Indian Air Force (IAF) is currently procuring 56 C-295 aircraft. 

The first C-295 aircraft was delivered to the IAF in September 2023. 

The remaining aircraft will be delivered over the next few years.



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Learnerz IAS | Concept oriented UPSC Classes in Malayalam: IL – 38s UPSC NOTE
Learnerz IAS | Concept oriented UPSC Classes in Malayalam
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