First ever COP ‘Health Day’

  • The 28th UN Climate Change Conference (COP28), hosted by the United Arab Emirates (UAE) at Dubai, was held in a year when the planet is facing unprecedented challenges

  • From it being the hottest year on record to wildfires that have devoured communities and floods that have wiped away cities, the evidence of the current crisis is crystal clear.

  • The climate crisis is a public health crisis

  • Severe temperatures, heat stress, excessive rainfall and floods, an increase in water- and vector-borne diseases, and more frequent extreme weather events are all evidence of this

existential threat to our health security. 

  • That is why the WHO declared “Climate change as the greatest threat to global health in the 21st century”

  • Marginalised communities are on the front lines of the worst impacts of the changing climate.

  • According to a World Bank estimate, “Climate change could drag more than 100 million people back into extreme poverty by 2030”. 

  • Much of this reversal would be due to the “negative impacts on health”. 

  • The climate risk index shows that eight out of the 10 countries most impacted by extreme weather events are the low- and middle-income countries.

Need for plans

  • Placing health at the forefront of climate planning in India is not just a necessity but an imperative for several compelling reasons. 

  • Over 700 million individuals in India, representing a significant portion of the population residing in rural areas, rely directly on climate-sensitive sectors such as agriculture, fisheries, and forests, as well as natural resources such as water, biodiversity, mangroves, coastal zones, and grasslands for their livelihoods

  • It is crucial to proactively formulate plans and policies that cater to their health needs.

  • Prioritising health in climate planning safeguards both immediate and long-term well-being in the face of climate change impacts. 

  • This focus enhances community resilience and disease mitigation, ensuring that populations can better cope with challenges and contribute to sustainable development. 

  • Integrating health into climate planning is not only economically prudent, reducing health-care costs and increasing productivity, but also strategically crucial for the overall effectiveness and sustainability of climate actions in India.



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Learnerz IAS | Concept oriented UPSC Classes in Malayalam: COP Health Day UPSC NOTE
Learnerz IAS | Concept oriented UPSC Classes in Malayalam
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