Houthi Movement UPSC NOTE

 Why in News

  • Yemen’s Houthi rebels struck the Liberia-flagged cargo ship Al-Jasrah, causing a fire on deck in the latest of a near-daily series of attacks in the commercially vital waterway. 

  • The Iran-backed Houthis, say they’re targeting shipping to pressure Israel during its war with Palestinian Hamas militants in the Gaza Strip.

Houthi movement

  • The Houthi movement, also known as Ansar Allah ("Supporters of God").

  • It is a complex and multifaceted group in Yemen with a rich history and significant influence on the country's current situation. 

Origins and Rise:

  1. Emerged in the 1990s in Saada Governorate, northern Yemen, led by Hussein al-Houthi.

  2. Rooted in Zaydi Shi'ism, a branch of Shia Islam with a strong historical presence in Yemen.

  • Initially focused on Zaydi revivalism and social welfare initiatives, advocating for marginalized communities in the north.

  • Gained popularity through criticism of government corruption and economic disparities.

Red Sea

  • The Red Sea is a fascinating and diverse body of water with a rich history and vibrant ecosystem

Location and geography:

  • Extends approximately 1,900 km from the Suez Canal in the north to the Bab el-Mandeb strait in the south, connecting to the Gulf of Aden and Indian Ocean.

  • One of the world's saltiest bodies of water, with high evaporation and limited freshwater inflow.

  • Home to numerous islands, including the Farasan Islands, Hanish Islands, and Dahlac Archipelago.



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Learnerz IAS | Concept oriented UPSC Classes in Malayalam: Houthi Movement UPSC NOTE
Houthi Movement UPSC NOTE
Learnerz IAS | Concept oriented UPSC Classes in Malayalam
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