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Issue of Disability UPSC NOTE

 Issue of disability as both an identity and an entity

  • Disability as an identity and entity exists at the intersection of multiple vulnerabilities - social, economic and gender.

  • Globally, 1.3 billion people live with some form of disability. 

  • Of them, 80% live in developing countries; further, 70% of them live in rural areas. 

  • Current systems are designed for persons without disabilities.

  • The system being exclusionary to people with disabilities, resulting in them experiencing higher instances of poverty, lack of access to education and opportunities.

  •  The people with disabilities face informality and other forms of social and economic discrimination.

  • At the outset, the inclusion of persons with disabilities into the economy can help boost global GDP between 3% to 7%, ILO study says.

  • The current employment scenario is limited, providing fewer jobs for persons with disabilities and perpetuating stereotypes that create further barriers for people with disabilities to access the labour market

  • Disability inclusion is rooted in assuring the rights of persons with disabilities and recognising the economic benefits of inclusion.

What is the SPARK project

  • The ILO and the International Fund for Agricultural Development (IFAD), in collaboration with the Women’s Development Corporation in Maharashtra, are implementing the Sparking Disability Inclusive Rural Transformation (SPARK) project. 

  • This project, persons with disabilities were put in the lead, being identified from the villages, and trained as Disability Inclusion Facilitators (DIFs).

  • The DIFs engage with the community, persons with disabilities, caregivers of persons with disabilities, women from self-help groups and other stakeholders to raise awareness. 

  • The DIFs identify women with disabilities and mainstream them in existing self-help groups for social and economic development. 

  • The SPARK project has been able to bring an attitudinal shift towards persons with disabilities, right from the societal to administrative levels.

  • The goal of social justice cannot be achieved without the inclusion of persons with disabilities in all spheres of development, starting with rural areas and rural resilience

  • Evidence shows a bi-directional link to poverty, nutrition, and hunger, and as a consequence, there needs to be more inclusive opportunities

and employment in rural areas. 

  • Given  the  historic marginalisation of persons with disabilities and the backsliding of the progress on the Sustainable Development Goals, a fundamental shift in commitment, solidarity, financing and action is critical. 

  • It is about time that the voices and needs of persons with disabilities be prioritised at the centre of the global development agenda.


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Learnerz IAS | Concept oriented UPSC Classes in Malayalam: Issue of Disability UPSC NOTE
Issue of Disability UPSC NOTE
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