Cyclone Michaung UPSC NOTE

 Why in News

  • Cyclone Michaung has intensified in its move across the southwest Bay of Bengal and is likely to make landfall on the Andhra Pradesh coast between Nellore and Machilipatnam.

  • On Tuesday morning as a severe cyclonic storm, with maximum sustained wind speeds of 90 kmph to 100 kmph, gusting to 110 kmph, the India Meteorological Department (IMD) said on Sunday.

Cyclone Michaung

  • Cyclone Michaung, named after a suggestion by Myanmar meaning "strength and resilience.

  • The landfall over Andhra Predesh, India, on December 4th

Formation and Landfall:

  • Developed in the southwest Bay of Bengal on December 3rd.

  • Intensified into a deep depression before transitioning into a cyclonic storm.


  • Heavy rainfall and strong winds reported across coastal Andhra Predesh.

  • Thunderstorms and lightning witnessed in coastal districts.

  • Fishermen advised to stay away from the sea due to rough conditions.

Severe Cyclonic Strom

  • A severe cyclonic storm is a powerful weather system that can cause widespread damage and disruption

Here's a breakdown of its key features:

Wind Speed:

  • Between 89 and 117 kilometers per hour. This is strong enough to damage houses, uproot trees, and cause power outages.

  • Wind speeds can reach even higher during gusts, potentially exceeding 150 kilometers per hour. These gusts can cause significant structural damage and pose a danger to people and animals caught outdoors.

Heavy Rainfall:

  • Severe cyclonic storms can bring intense rainfall, often exceeding 200 millimeters (8 inches) within 24 hours. This can lead to flash flooding, landslides, and riverine flooding.

  • When a storm makes landfall, it can push a wall of seawater inland, causing coastal flooding. The surge height depends on the storm's intensity, forward speed, and local geography.

Large Size:

  • These storms typically span hundreds of kilometers in diameter, meaning their impacts can extend far beyond the immediate landfall point.



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Learnerz IAS | Concept oriented UPSC Classes in Malayalam: Cyclone Michaung UPSC NOTE
Cyclone Michaung UPSC NOTE
Learnerz IAS | Concept oriented UPSC Classes in Malayalam
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