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Namdapha flying squirre UPSC NOTE

 Namdapha flying squirre

  • The Namdapha flying squirrel (Biswamoyopterus biswasi) is an arboreal, nocturnal mammal shrouded in mystery

  • It's endemic to Arunachal Pradesh in northeast India, known only from a single specimen collected in Namdapha National Park in 1981.

  • No verified sightings have been recorded since, making it one of the world's "lost species."

  • Believed to inhabit tall Mesua ferrea jungles, often on hill slopes along the Dihing River in northeastern India.

  • Primarily nocturnal, gliding between trees using a furry membrane called a patagium.

Basic details and habitat

  • Believed to favor tall Mesua ferrea jungles, particularly on hill slopes near the Dihing River.

  • Prefers the humid microclimates within these lush forests.

  • Likely utilizes tree hollows for nesting and shelter.

  • Primarily herbivorous, feasting on fruits, nuts, and seeds.

  • May supplement its diet with insects on occasion.

  • The Namdapha Tiger Reserve pulsates with life and mystery. 

  • Spanning across 1,985.23 square kilometers in Arunachal Pradesh.

  • It's a treasure trove of biodiversity, boasting ancient rainforests, snow-capped peaks, and an astonishing array of flora and fauna.

Basic Details

  • Location: Nestled in the Changlang district of Arunachal Pradesh, bordering Myanmar.

  • Established: 1983, designated as a Tiger Reserve under Project Tiger.

  • Area1,985.23 sq km, comprising a 1,808 sq km core area and a 177 sq km buffer zone.

  • Habitat: Encompasses diverse ecosystems, from lowland evergreen rainforests to alpine meadows, supporting a plethora of plant and animal species.

  • Biodiversity: Over 1,000 floral species and 1,400 faunal species documented, including the iconic Royal Bengal Tiger, Asiatic black bear, clouded leopard, and numerous bird species.

  • Conservation: Plays a crucial role in protecting endangered species and preserving the ecological balance of the region.

Why in News

  • A nocturnal flying squirrel has resurfaced in Arunachal Pradesh after going missing for 42 years.

  • The failure of zoologists to locate the arboreal mammal during several expeditions thereafter generated two theories .

  • It could have been mistaken for the very similar red giant flying squirrel (Petaurista petaurista) sharing the same ecosystem or worse, become history.

Location



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Learnerz IAS | Concept oriented UPSC Classes in Malayalam: Namdapha flying squirre UPSC NOTE
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