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Social Justice and Sexual Education UPSC NOTE

 Caste and Gender as significant social cleavages in Indian society

  • Caste and gender are the deepest social cleavages in our society. 

  • The intersection of these two social identities plays havoc with the lives of adolescents/young adults in Indian schools and colleges. 

  • There are frequent reports in the media on the caste conflicts among adolescents/young adults as well as consensual sexual relationships between adolescents/young adults of different castes inviting criminal penalties and action.

  • Education about social change and sexuality are closely related. 

  • Training young minds in critical thinking and social justice is essential to address this issue and to create a healthy society.

Role of education in fostering responsibility and compassion among children

  • It is hard to create well-functioning democratic institutions based on equal rights for everyone.

  • In the name of celebrating tradition, an emphasis on racial purity and a protection of cultural values only leads to the majority/powerful being dominant and aggressive towards the weak.

  • Electoral democracy encourages and establishes affirmative action of distributing opportunities for the depressed communities. 

  • Caste and Gender has little effect on destabilising unequal social codes and discrimination in practice. 

  • The state as an organisation reflects the structure of society and thus makes the rights of the depressed difficult to realise. 

  • The idea of citizenship in a democratic society demands the empathetic understanding of the lives of fellow citizens and critical thinking about one’s own life

  • Enhancing empathetic understanding of others in a modern society that contains many divisions is the only hope of sustaining democratic institutions. 

  • Education for critical thinking requires challenging our own lives, beliefs and faith and how they affect the lives of others in a complex world. 

  • This is what education is supposed to aim and achieve.

Role of teachers in promoting social justice education

  • Teachers are vital in enabling social justice education. 

  • Teachers should understand and accept that social justice education is essential for a well-functioning democracy

  • Teacher absenteeism, blaming children for a lack of learning potential, discouraging children and physically abusing them are all outcomes of this lack of faith in social justice education. 

  • If a teacher realises his/her agency in democratic education, then the teacher finds suitable pedagogy to teach social justice.

  • This is because society is the workshop, and the academic material, the guiding path.

Significance of sexual education in social justice education 

  • Sexual education is also an important aspect of social justice education. 

  • Sexual education prepares students to respect gender identities and interpersonal relationships

  • The importance of consent in sexual intercourse and a respect for personal boundaries, as well as the ability to stop perpetrators of sexual abuse are important aspects of sexuality education. 

  • The Calcutta High Court said that children have a right to access sexual education and sexual and reproductive health services

  • Research has shown that sexual education delays the time of the first sexual intercourse, reduces its frequency and curbs sexual abuse and risky sexual behaviour

  • Sexual education trains students to understand the social constructs of gender and to respect others’ sexual preferences. 

  • In this perspective it has a social justice content as boys and girls treat each other with respect and also develop a deeper understanding of other gender identities (LGBTQA+)

  • Sexual education in school will transform gender relationships at home and in society, and will be the most desirable outcome.


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Learnerz IAS | Concept oriented UPSC Classes in Malayalam: Social Justice and Sexual Education UPSC NOTE
Social Justice and Sexual Education UPSC NOTE
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