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Suspension of MPs UPSC NOTE

 Rules regarding Suspension of MPs

  • The general principle is that it is the role and duty of the Presiding Officer — Speaker of Lok Sabha and Chairman of Rajya Sabha — to maintain order so that the House can function smoothly.

  • In order to ensure that proceedings are conducted in the proper manner, the Speaker/ Chairman is empowered to force a member to withdraw from the House.


  • Rule 373: The Speaker can direct a member to withdraw immediately from the House if he finds the member's conduct disorderly.

Members so ordered to withdraw shall do so forthwith and shall remain absent during the remainder of the day’s sitting.

  • Rule 374: The Speaker can name a member who disregards the authority of the Chair or abuses the rules of the House by persistently and wilfully obstructing the business thereof.

    • The member so named will be suspended from the House for a period not exceeding the remainder of the session.

  • Rule 374A: Rule 374A was incorporated in the Rule Book in December 2001.

    • In case of gross violation or severe charges, on being named by the Speaker, the member

stands automatically suspended from the service of the House for five consecutive sittings or the remainder of the session, whichever is less.

  • Rule 255 (Rajya Sabha): Under Rule 255 of the General Rules of Procedure of the Rajya Sabha, the presiding officer of the House can invoke suspension of the Member of Parliament.

    • The Chairman as per this rule can direct any member whose conduct in his opinion was not right or was disorderly.

  • Rule 256 (Rajya Sabha): It provides for suspension of members.

    • The Chairman can suspend a member from the service of the Council.

Why is the Disruption Done by the MPs?

  • As per the analysis done by political leaders, and presiding officers there is four main causes that lead to disruption:

    1. MPs do not have enough time to raise crucial issues.

    2. The government's unresponsiveness and the Treasury benches their retaliatory posture.

    3. Parties intentionally cause disturbance for political or publicity reasons.

    4. The failure to take immediate action against MPs who interrupt parliamentary proceedings.

Who can suspend MPs?


  • The general principle is that it is the role and duty of the Presiding Officer — Speaker of Lok Sabha and Chairman of Rajya Sabha — to maintain order so that the House can function smoothly.

  • In order to ensure that proceedings are conducted in the proper manner, the Speaker/ Chairman is empowered to force a member to withdraw from the House.

What are the terms of Suspension?

  • The maximum period of suspension is for the remainder of the session.

  • Suspended members cannot enter the chamber or attend the meetings of the committees.

  • He will not be eligible to give notice for discussion or submission.

  • He loses the right to get a reply to his questions.

Interventions by the Court

  • Article 122 of the Constitution says parliamentary proceedings cannot be questioned before a court.

  • Although courts have intervened in the procedural functioning of the legislature.

    • EX. Maharashtra Legislative Assembly passed a resolution in its 2021 Monsoon Session suspending 12 BJP MLAs for a year.

  • The matter came before the Supreme Court, which held that the resolution was ineffective in law beyond the remainder of the Monsoon Session.

Way Forward

  • It is difficult to deal with planned parliamentary offenses and deliberate disturbances for publicity or political reasons.

    • Opposition members should play a constructive role in Parliament and they should be allowed to put forward their views and express themselves in a dignified manner.

  • There is a need to strike balance between deliberate disruption and raising the important issue.



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Learnerz IAS | Concept oriented UPSC Classes in Malayalam: Suspension of MPs UPSC NOTE
Suspension of MPs UPSC NOTE
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