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China-Taiwan relations UPSC NOTE

 Taiwan's Democratic Elections:

  • Taiwan recently concluded its democratic elections on January 13.

  • Lai Ching-te of the Democratic Progressive Party (DPP) has been elected as the new President, marking a third term for the DPP.


Nauru's Diplomatic Shift:

  • Shortly after Taiwan's election results, Nauru, a small island nation, announced a shift in its diplomatic relations from Taipei to Beijing.

Background of Diplomatic Shifts:

  • Similar diplomatic shifts have occurred during the previous term of Taiwan's President, Tsai Ing-wen.

  • Beijing has employed a pattern of attracting smaller nations with promises of financial investment and infrastructure development.

DPP's Pro-Independence Stance:

  • The DPP, perceived as a pro-independence party, has faced pressure from Beijing.

  • Taiwan's diplomatic space has diminished, with only 11 countries recognizing Taiwan, down from 22 in 2016.

China-Taiwan Ties and '1992 Consensus':

  • China's assertiveness stems from Tsai's refusal to accept the '1992 consensus,' which acknowledges 'one China.'

  • Tsai argues that the consensus contradicts the 'Taiwanese consensus,' leading to increased tension.

  • 'Taiwanisation' has risen, with the younger generation identifying as Taiwanese and lacking historical affinity with China.

Xi Jinping's Goals and Aggressiveness:

  • Chinese President Xi Jinping emphasizes the rejuvenation of the Chinese nation and reunification with Taiwan.

  • DPP's electoral victory indicates that Taiwanese people are not rushing for reunification.

Democracy in Taiwan:

  • Taiwan conducted its first democratic elections in 1996 amid Chinese discontent.

  • Taiwan's democracy has strengthened since then, challenging the one-party system in China.

Future Challenges for Taiwan:

  • Lai's tenure is expected to face diplomatic challenges and increased pressure from China.

  • Taiwan's democratic future is considered a significant win, challenging China's political aspirations for reunification.

Xi's Stance and Future Pressure:

  • Xi denies a set timeline for reunification, but pressure on Taiwan is anticipated to rise.

  • The situation is complex, with intensifying nationalisms on both sides of the straits.

Conclusion:

  • While Taiwan's future under Lai and the DPP is expected to be challenging, the election results pose a clear challenge to China's political aspirations of reunification.

  • Navigating diplomatic challenges will be crucial for Lai in the face of increasing pressure.


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