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Human pappilomavirus UPSC NOTE

 Human pappilomavirus -  Basic Details 

  • Human papillomavirus (HPV) is a very common virus that infects the skin and mucous membranes. 

  • There are over 200 known types of HPV, and about 40 of them can infect the genital area.

  • HPV is most commonly spread through skin-to-skin contact during sexual activity, including vaginal, anal, and oral sex. 

  • It can also be spread through non-sexual contact, such as touching infected skin.

  • Most people with HPV have no symptoms and don't know they are infected

In some cases, HPV can cause:

  • Genital warts: These are small, painless bumps that can grow on the genitals, anus, or groin.

  • Cervical cancer: HPV is the leading cause of cervical cancer in women.

  • Other cancers: HPV can also cause cancers of the vulva, vagina, penis, anus, and throat.

  • There is no cure for HPV, but the body can clear the infection on its own

  • Genital warts can be treated with medication or surgery. 

  • Cervical cancer can be prevented with regular Pap smears and HPV vaccination.



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Learnerz IAS | Concept oriented UPSC Classes in Malayalam: Human pappilomavirus UPSC NOTE
Human pappilomavirus UPSC NOTE
Learnerz IAS | Concept oriented UPSC Classes in Malayalam
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