Hyperemesis Gravidarum

 Why in News

  • Researchers have found a link between increased levels ofahormone and nausea during pregnancy (including morning sickness). 

  • The results published in the journalNatureshed light on these complex metabolic processes and offer potential avenues for treatment going forward.

  • The majority of pregnancies (70%) are affected by nausea and vomiting, which can progress toasevere form known as hyperemesis gravidarum (HG). 

  • The hormone growth differentiation factor15 (GDF15) has previously been implicated in morning sickness in previous literature.

What is hyperemesis gravidarum (HG)

  • Hyperemesis gravidarum is a severe form of nausea and vomiting that affects some pregnant women

  • It's much more extreme than the typical "morning sickness" most women experience in early pregnancy.

  • Severe nausea and vomiting: This is the main symptom, and it can happen frequently - more than 3 times a day.

  • Weight loss: Losing more than 5% of your pre-pregnancy weight is a common sign of HG.

  • Dehydration: This can happen due to frequent vomiting and lack of fluid intake. Symptoms include thirst, fatigue, dizziness, and decreased urination.

  • Symptoms: Headaches, confusion, fainting, jaundice, and extreme fatigue can also occur.

  • The exact cause of HG is unknown, but it's believed to be related to several factors, including:

  • Hormonal changes: High levels of the pregnancy hormone hCG (human chorionic gonadotropin) might play a role.



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Learnerz IAS | Concept oriented UPSC Classes in Malayalam: Hyperemesis Gravidarum
Hyperemesis Gravidarum
Learnerz IAS | Concept oriented UPSC Classes in Malayalam
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