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Jal Jeevan Mission UPSC NOTE

 Jal Jeevan Mission and its achievements 

  • The Jal Jeevan Mission (JJM), a flagship program of the Government of India.

  • It was launched on August 15, 2019, by Hon’ble Prime Minister Narendra Modi. 

  • The program is a crucial step towards achieving the United Nations’ Sustainable Development Goal 6, which aims to ensure access to water and sanitation for all.

  • JJM aspires to establish a Jan Andolan for water, making it a top priority for every rural household in the country.  

  • It puts a special emphasis on water conservation, groundwater recharge, and community involvement. 

  • The mission is a part of the Jal Shakti Ministry, which is the nodal ministry for the implementation of the scheme.

  • Under the Jal Jeevan Mission, tap water is given to every rural household, even those in SC/ST-dominated villages in Tamil Nadu and Maharashtra, so that “no one is left out.

  • Tap water is given top priority in places where the water quality is bad, like deserts and drought-prone areas, SC/ST majority villages, Aspirational and JE-AES affected districts.

  • Saansad Adarsh Gramin Yojana villages, and Households in the country by 2024.

  • The Paani Samitis plan has village water supply systems in good shape also, wherein they operate the system in an organized way through Jal Jeevan Mission.

  • At least half of these associations have between 10 and 15 members, at least half of whom are women.

  • Other members come from Self-Help Groups, accredited social and health workers, Anganwadi teachers, and other places.

  • The committees put together a one-time action plan for the village that uses all of its resources.

  • A Gram Sabha should indeed agree to the plan before it can be put into action under Jal Jeevan Mission.

  • At the time that the Jal Jeevan Mission was announced, 17.1% of the 18.93 crore rural households had tap water connections. 

  • This meant that 3.23 Crore rural households had tap water connections.

  • Under the Jal Jeevan Mission, tap water connections have been set up in 5.38 Crore (28%) of rural households so far.

  • So, out of the 19.22 billion rural households in the country, 8.62 billion (or 44.84 percent) are said to have potable tap water.

  • The number of homes with running water from the tap has reached 100% in rural areas of states like Goa, Telangana, Andaman and Nicobar Islands, and Puducherry

  • “Har Ghar Jal” has become everyone’s top priority.

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Learnerz IAS | Concept oriented UPSC Classes in Malayalam: Jal Jeevan Mission UPSC NOTE
Jal Jeevan Mission UPSC NOTE
Learnerz IAS | Concept oriented UPSC Classes in Malayalam
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