International Court of Justice (ICJ) UPSC NOTE

 International Court of Justice (ICJ)

  • The International Court of Justice (ICJ), also known as the World Court.

  •  it is the principal judicial organ of the United Nations (UN). 

  • Established in 1945 by the Charter of the United Nations,.

  • It officially began its work in 1946.

  • The ICJ is located in the Peace Palace in The Hague, Netherlands. 

  • This grand building, constructed between 1907 and 1913, was originally intended to house a permanent court of arbitration for settling international disputes. 

  • It ultimately became the home of the ICJ, symbolizing its role in promoting peace and justice among nations.

  • Settling legal disputes submitted to it by States: 

  • This is the Court's contentious jurisdiction. 

  • States can bring cases against each other concerning any aspect of international law, such as border disputes, maritime boundaries, human rights violations, and breaches of treaties.

    • Giving advisory opinions on legal questions referred to it by authorized United Nations organs and specialized agencies: 

    • This is the Court's advisory jurisdiction

  • These opinions are not legally binding, but they carry significant weight and can guide international law and policy.

  • The ICJ is composed of 15 judges, elected for nine-year terms by the United Nations General Assembly and the Security Council

  • The judges must be nationals of different states and represent the main forms of civilization and the principal legal systems of the world.

Recent case against Israel

  • On December 29, 2023, the Republic of South Africa instituted proceedings against Israel in the International Court of Justice (ICJ). 

  • In its application, South Africa argued that the manner in which Israel was conducting its military operations in Gaza violated the international Convention on the Prevention and Punishment of the Crime of Genocide (the Genocide Convention). 

  • The ICJ held a hearing on “provisional measures” on January 11-12, 2024, where South Africa and Israel were given three hours each to present their cases. 

  • A ruling from the World Court on the issue of provisional measures is awaited.

  • The case has generated immense debate. 

  • At the time of writing, Bangladesh and Jordan have issued statements that they will intervene in the case, in support of South Africa’s application. 

  • Germany has stated that it will intervene in support of Israel.

  • While a number of other countries, predominantly from Latin America and the Middle-East, have issued official statements supporting South Africa’s application.

  • France going so far as to threaten non-compliance if the ICJ ends up issuing a finding of genocide against Israel.



Amritsar,1,Art & Culture,1,August 2023,251,Courses,7,Daily Current Affairs,48,December 2023,189,Disaster Management,2,Environment and Ecology,54,February 2024,188,Foundation Course,1,GDP,1,GEMS Club,1,GEMS Plus,1,Geography,67,Govt Schemes,2,GST,1,History,2,Home,3,IAS Booklist,1,Important News,71,Indian Economy,46,Indian History,2,Indian Polity,56,International Organisation,12,International Relations,58,Invasive Plant,1,January 2024,240,July 2023,281,June 2022,6,June 2023,268,May 2022,17,Mentorship,2,November 2023,169,October 2023,203,Places in News,2,Science & Technology,66,September 2023,205,UPSC CSE,111,
Learnerz IAS | Concept oriented UPSC Classes in Malayalam: International Court of Justice (ICJ) UPSC NOTE
International Court of Justice (ICJ) UPSC NOTE
Learnerz IAS | Concept oriented UPSC Classes in Malayalam
Loaded All Posts Not found any posts VIEW ALL Readmore Reply Cancel reply Delete By Home PAGES POSTS View All RECOMMENDED FOR YOU LABEL ARCHIVE SEARCH ALL POSTS Not found any post match with your request Back Home Sunday Monday Tuesday Wednesday Thursday Friday Saturday Sun Mon Tue Wed Thu Fri Sat January February March April May June July August September October November December Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec just now 1 minute ago $$1$$ minutes ago 1 hour ago $$1$$ hours ago Yesterday $$1$$ days ago $$1$$ weeks ago more than 5 weeks ago Followers Follow THIS PREMIUM CONTENT IS LOCKED STEP 1: Share to a social network STEP 2: Click the link on your social network Copy All Code Select All Code All codes were copied to your clipboard Can not copy the codes / texts, please press [CTRL]+[C] (or CMD+C with Mac) to copy Table of Content