What is Knesset?

  • The Knesset is the unicameral legislature of Israel.

  • it's the single-chamber parliament that holds the supreme legislative power in the country

  • It's often referred to as the "Israeli parliament.“

  • It has the sole authority to create and enact laws for Israel.

  • It elects the President of Israel and approves the selection of the Prime Minister and cabinet.

  • It monitors the activities of the government and holds it accountable through committees and inquiries.

Israeli Supreme Court's decision to strike down a law passed by the Knesset

  • The Israeli Supreme Court’s decision to strike down a law passed by the Knesset last year that sought to limit the judiciary’s powers is a clear setback to the government of Prime Minister Benjamin Netanyahu, which is fighting a brutal war in Gaza. 

  • The law, passed with 64-0 votes in the 120-member Parliament after an opposition boycott in July 2023, had scrapped the reasonability doctrine. 

  • A legal standard used by the country’s judges to assess government decisions and ministerial appointments

  • The legislation, which amended Israel’s Basic Laws, was part of a reform package by the right-religious government to strengthen the hands of the government over the judiciary

  • Despite street protests, the coalition government passed its first part in the Knesset. 

  • Government supporters claimed that the court had no powers to rule on a Basic Law, which it had not done in the past. 

  • The court, sitting with a full panel of 15 judges for the first time in its history, stated, 12 to 3, that it had the powers to rule over the Basic Laws; eight judges, against seven dissenters, ruled in favour of striking down the law that scrapped the reasonability standard.

What is doctrine enjoyed by Israeli Judiciary

  • The reasonability doctrine is not a unique standard employed by Israel’s courts. 

  • Judges in other liberal democracies such as Australia, Canada and the U.K. assess the reasonableness of government decisions. 

  • In Israel, a country with a single House of Parliament, a ceremonial President and with no written Constitution, the independence of the judiciary is critical to ensure that there are checks and balances in the system. 

  • Israel’s far-right government was trying to tip this balance in favour of the Knesset, which is dominated by right-wing, pro-settler and ultra-Orthodox parties. 

  • The Supreme Court has put the brakes on this overhaul plan, for now

  • The war of almost three months in Gaza, claiming at least 22,000 lives, has triggered a humanitarian tragedy.

  • Israel is far from meeting its declared objectives.

  • On the day of the court ruling, the Israeli military announced the drawing down of thousands of reservists from Gaza and sending them back to work to strengthen a shrinking economy. 

  • In a recent poll, 69% of Israelis want elections immediately after the war is over

  • Mr. Netanyahu had claimed unity when he declared war on Hamas, but as the war drags on, divisions have started resurfacing. 

  • Any attempt to press ahead with the judicial overhaul plan would only weaken his government further. 



Amritsar,1,Art & Culture,1,August 2023,251,Courses,7,Daily Current Affairs,48,December 2023,189,Disaster Management,2,Environment and Ecology,54,February 2024,188,Foundation Course,1,GDP,1,GEMS Club,1,GEMS Plus,1,Geography,67,Govt Schemes,2,GST,1,History,2,Home,3,IAS Booklist,1,Important News,71,Indian Economy,46,Indian History,2,Indian Polity,56,International Organisation,12,International Relations,58,Invasive Plant,1,January 2024,240,July 2023,281,June 2022,6,June 2023,268,May 2022,17,Mentorship,2,November 2023,169,October 2023,203,Places in News,2,Science & Technology,66,September 2023,205,UPSC CSE,111,
Learnerz IAS | Concept oriented UPSC Classes in Malayalam: Knesset UPSC NOTE
Learnerz IAS | Concept oriented UPSC Classes in Malayalam
Loaded All Posts Not found any posts VIEW ALL Readmore Reply Cancel reply Delete By Home PAGES POSTS View All RECOMMENDED FOR YOU LABEL ARCHIVE SEARCH ALL POSTS Not found any post match with your request Back Home Sunday Monday Tuesday Wednesday Thursday Friday Saturday Sun Mon Tue Wed Thu Fri Sat January February March April May June July August September October November December Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec just now 1 minute ago $$1$$ minutes ago 1 hour ago $$1$$ hours ago Yesterday $$1$$ days ago $$1$$ weeks ago more than 5 weeks ago Followers Follow THIS PREMIUM CONTENT IS LOCKED STEP 1: Share to a social network STEP 2: Click the link on your social network Copy All Code Select All Code All codes were copied to your clipboard Can not copy the codes / texts, please press [CTRL]+[C] (or CMD+C with Mac) to copy Table of Content