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Digital Public Infrastructure UPSC NOTE

 Why in news

  • 0.9% of GDP is the spent in digital public infrastructure of India in 2022

  • Digital public infrastructures like Aadhaar, UPI and FASTag generated a value of $31.8 billion in 2022. 

  • The contribution is projected to increase 2.9%-4.2% by 2030, according to industry body Nasscom’s report

What are digital public infrastructure

  • DPI can be thought of as the digital equivalent of traditional public infrastructure like roads, bridges, and electrical grids

  • It's a fundamental layer of technology that enables citizens and businesses to access essential services and participate in the digital economy.

  • It's a shared platform that provides foundational digital services.

DPI not about one technology, but rather a combination of:

  • Open technology standards: These ensure interoperability and avoid vendor lock-in.

  • Enabling governance: Frameworks and policies that create a fair and secure environment.

  • Market competition: Encourages innovation and diverse applications.

Examples of DPI:

  • Digital identity systems: Like India's Aadhaar, which allows individuals to access government services and financial products.

  • e-payment platforms: Like India's Unified Payments Interface (UPI), which facilitates cashless transactions.

  • Data exchange frameworks: Securely share data between government agencies and trusted private entities.

  • Open APIs: Allow developers to build innovative applications on top of the DPI.

Benefits of DPI:

  • Inclusive access: Can bridge the digital divide and benefit underserved communities.

  • Improved efficiency: Enables governments to deliver services more effectively and cheaply.

  • Economic growth: Fosters innovation and entrepreneurship.

  • Social development: Can improve access to education, healthcare, and other essential services.



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Learnerz IAS | Concept oriented UPSC Classes in Malayalam: Digital Public Infrastructure UPSC NOTE
Digital Public Infrastructure UPSC NOTE
Learnerz IAS | Concept oriented UPSC Classes in Malayalam
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