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Farmers Protest UPSC NOTE

 What is the primary demand of the farmers who are currently 

camped out near different locations on the Haryana border? 

  • The primary concern of the protesting farmers is that no law on MSP has been enacted yet, and that the Union government is turning a blind eye to their other demands despite repeated appeals

  • The MSP is the price at which the government promises, on paper, to procure agricultural produce from farmers. 

  • There are MSPs for 22 crops, primarily grains, pulses and oil seeds, paddy and copra

  • According to studies, only a small share of farmers in the country benefits from MSPs

  • Farmers accuse that even as the government promised to look into their demands during the earlier agitation, it has been going slow on its commitments.

Why have meetings with the Union government failed? 

  • Four rounds of meetings have been held between the Union government and farmer leaders but they have not resulted in anything concrete. 

  • On February 18, after the latest meeting between Union Ministers Arjun Munda, Piyush Goyal, Nityanand Rai and farmer leaders Jagjit Singh Dallewal and Sarwan Singh Pandher, the

government offered to procure five crops on MSP by entering into a contract for five years.

  • The protesting farmers, however, rejected the government's offer.

  • According to Sarwan Singh Pandher, coordinator of the Kisan Mazdoor Morcha, the proposal presented during the fourth meeting was different than what the Union Ministers disclosed before the media after the meeting was over

  • He pointed out that in the meeting it was proposed that the government would purchase five crops including masoor (lentil), urad (black gram), arhar (pigeon peas), maize, and cotton at the MSP. 

  • However, what was conveyed after the meeting was that the buying would be done for five years under contractual agreements

  • This, Mr. Pandher said was not acceptable, and hence the offer was rejected

  • According to Samyukta Kisan Morcha leaders, the government should clarify whether the MSP they proposed is based on the A2+FL+ 50% method (input cost and family labour) or at the rate of C2 (input cost and rent of the land)+50%. 

  • They asserted that there has been no transparency in the discussions.

What is the government’s stance with respect to purchasing crops at Minimum Support Price?

  • The Union government has repeatedly asserted that announcing a guaranteed MSP will not be possible. 

  • The Union Agriculture Minister Arjun Munda told the media that for a law on guaranteed MSP, the Centre would have to look at all sides.

  • The ongoing farmers’ protest rekindled memories of the year-long agitation by farmers during 2020-21.

  • When scores of farmers camped at several places around Delhi’s borders

  • Back then, farmers were demanding a repeal of the three farm laws enacted by the Union government.

  •  Which they asserted were detrimental to the interests of the agricultural community

  • Other demands include a complete loan waiver for the farmers and farm labour, a monthly pension for 58-year-old farmers/farm labourers, withdrawal of the Electricity Amendment Bill, 2020, reintroduction of the Land Acquisition Act, 2013.

  • This is to ensure farmers consent and compensation at four times the collector rate

200 days of employment annually at a daily wage of ₹700 under the Mahatma Gandhi National Rural Employment Guarantee Act etc.


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Learnerz IAS | Concept oriented UPSC Classes in Malayalam: Farmers Protest UPSC NOTE
Farmers Protest UPSC NOTE
Learnerz IAS | Concept oriented UPSC Classes in Malayalam
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