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IPCC and its Reports UPSC NOTE

 Background on IPCC Reports:

  • Since 1988, the UN Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC) has produced various assessment reports, special reports, and methodology reports.

  • These reports, prepared by scientists from 195 countries, examine the science, consequences, adaptation, and vulnerability, as well as mitigation aspects of climate change.

Findings of the Sixth Assessment Report (AR6):

  • Warned about the urgency to limit the rise in the world’s average surface temperature to 1.5 degrees Celsius.

  • Stressed the need for options and strategies to slow warming, adapt, and build resilience in natural and human-made systems.

Initiation of the Seventh Assessment Cycle (AR7):

  • Initiated after the AR6 synthesis report, with the election of an IPCC bureau.

  • In January 2024, bureau members met in Turkey to discuss budgeting, timelines, and the work programme for AR7.

Input and Discussions for AR7 Cycle:

  • The Informal Group on Lessons Learned produced a paper consolidating learnings from the AR6 cycle and submissions from member countries.

  • Discussions in Turkey also included options for publication and clustering of reports.

Global Stocktake (GST):

  • Conducted every five years by UNFCCC countries to assess progress towards Paris Agreement goals.

  • IPCC requested to align its work with subsequent stocktakes, with the second GST due in 2028.

Reports Planned for AR7 Cycle:

  • Bureau agreed to produce full assessment and synthesis reports, methodology reports, and a special report.

  • Full assessment reports will include reports from three Working Groups plus a synthesis report.

  • Methodology reports will focus on short-lived climate forcers and carbon removal.

Timeline for Reports:

  • Several member countries asked for assessment reports to be ready by 2028 to coincide with the GST.

  • Challenges include the time required for review, finalization, and publication, as well as engagement with under-represented communities.

  • Decision on the timeline pending, with special and methodology reports set for publication in 2027.



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Learnerz IAS | Concept oriented UPSC Classes in Malayalam: IPCC and its Reports UPSC NOTE
IPCC and its Reports UPSC NOTE
Learnerz IAS | Concept oriented UPSC Classes in Malayalam
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