Lantana Camara UPSC NOTE

 Why in News

  • The sculptures of elephants, made of invasive plant species Lantana camara, displayed at Lalbagh in Bengaluru on Saturday. 

  • The display, themed ‘Coexistence: the great elephant migration’, has travelled around the world promoting the importance of human-wildlife coexistence. 

  • Indigenous artists from villages around Mudumalai and the M.M. Hills are behind the craft.

Lantana camara basic details

  • OriginNative to the American tropics, but now found in many parts of the world, including Africa, Asia, and Australia.

  • Habit: Perennial, erect or sprawling shrub that can grow up to 2 meters (6.5 feet) tall. 

  • In some cases, it can even climb up trees and reach up to 6 meters (20 feet) in height.

  • LeavesBroadly ovate, opposite, and simple

  • They have a strong odor when crushed and can be rough to the touch.

  • Flowers: Small, tubular-shaped flowers arranged in clusters. 

  • The flowers come in a variety of colors, including yellow, orange, pink, red, and purple.

  • Fruit: Small, fleshy drupes that turn from green to blue-black when ripe.

  • Growing conditions: Prefers full sun and well-drained soil. Can tolerate moderate drought and heat.

  • Uses: Often used as an ornamental plant due to its colorful flowers. Can also be used to attract butterflies and other pollinators. 

Additional interesting facts about Lantana camara:

  • The plant is named after Lanfranco, an Italian physician and botanist who lived in the 16th century.

  • The flowers of Lantana camara change color as they mature. 

  • This is because the pigment in the flowers breaks down over time.

  • The fruits of Lantana camara are poisonous to humans and animals.



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Learnerz IAS | Concept oriented UPSC Classes in Malayalam: Lantana Camara UPSC NOTE
Lantana Camara UPSC NOTE
Learnerz IAS | Concept oriented UPSC Classes in Malayalam
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