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Primary Teacher Qualification in India UPSC NOTE

 Supreme Court Ruling (August 2023):

  • The Supreme Court upheld the Rajasthan High Court's decision, stating that the Bachelor of Education (B.Ed) degree is not suitable for primary school teaching.

  • Instead, the court ruled that the Diploma in Education (DEd), Diploma in Elementary Education (DElEd), or Bachelor of Elementary Education (BElEd) are the appropriate qualifications for primary school teaching.

  • This decision nullified an earlier notification by the National Council for Teacher Education (NCTE) that accepted the BEd degree.

Importance of Appropriate Qualification

  • Primary teaching requires specific skills (FLN, engaging young learners).

  • BEd focuses on middle/high school, not suitable for foundational competencies.

  • Need for specialized teacher education for primary stage.

Current Situation:

  • 90% of teachers have professional qualification, but only 46% in primary have DElEd.

  • 30% of primary teachers in private schools have BEd, 17% lack qualification.

  • Even elite government schools have only 24% DEd qualified teachers in primary.

Anomalies in the System:

  • Private unaided sectors have lower proportions of DElEd qualified teachers compared to government and aided sectors.

  • Elite English medium schools have relatively fewer DElEd qualified teachers and more BEd degree holders.

Implications of Supreme Court Ruling:

  • Anomalies in teacher qualifications need to be corrected following the Supreme Court ruling.

  • Greater attention is needed to increase the supply of high-quality DEd/DElEd/BElEd programs.

Quality of Teacher Education Programs:

  • Government-funded institutions perform better in teacher education compared to the self-financed sector.

  • Attention is needed to ensure higher quality and pedagogical content knowledge of candidates, especially in mathematics.

Need for Government Support:

  • There is an urgent need to strengthen government support and innovation in the teacher education sector.

  • Innovative programs should provide pathways for BEd holders to gain certification for primary teaching without re-enrolling for the entire program.

Initiatives and Recommendations:

  • Recent Ministry of Education initiatives to strengthen District Institutes of Education and Training (DIETs) are welcomed.

  • Comprehensive government support and incentives are needed to strengthen primary/preparatory stage teacher education.

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Learnerz IAS | Concept oriented UPSC Classes in Malayalam: Primary Teacher Qualification in India UPSC NOTE
Primary Teacher Qualification in India UPSC NOTE
Learnerz IAS | Concept oriented UPSC Classes in Malayalam
https://www.learnerz.in/2024/02/primary-teacher-qualification-in-india.html
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