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Project 39A UPSC NOTE

 Why in News

  • In 2023, the High Courts confirmed the death sentences of 1% of prisoners whose cases were up for decision. 

  • This is the lowest confirmation rate by the appellate courts since 2000

  • The lone confirmation came in the Karnataka High Court in a murder simpliciter case

  • If the dominant intention of the act was to kill a person, it is ‘murder simpliciter’; otherwise, it is categorised as an accidental murder. 

  • These were some of the findings of the ‘Death Penalty in India: Annual Statistics 2023’ report. 

What is Project 39A

  • Project 39A is a criminal justice initiative based at the National Law University Delhi in India.

  • Inspired by Article 39A of the Indian Constitution, which emphasizes equal justice and equal opportunity,.

  • Project 39A works towards reforming India's criminal justice system.

Areas of Focus:

  • Litigation: They provide pro bono legal representation to death row prisoners across India and to undertrial prisoners in specific locations.

  • Research: They conduct research on various aspects of the criminal justice system, including the death penalty, mental health and criminal justice, torture, forensics, legal aid, and sentencing.

  • Outreach: They engage in activities to raise awareness and advocate for reform in the criminal justice system.

Key Achievements:

  • Conducted extensive research on the death penalty in India, including the first-of-its-kind Death Penalty India Report (2016).

  • Successfully represented numerous death row prisoners, challenging both conviction and sentencing.

  • Played a role in developing strategic litigation interventions focused on reforming different aspects of the criminal justice system.

  • Won the 'Award for Research' at the 8th World Congress.



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Learnerz IAS | Concept oriented UPSC Classes in Malayalam: Project 39A UPSC NOTE
Project 39A UPSC NOTE
Learnerz IAS | Concept oriented UPSC Classes in Malayalam
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