Women representation in Politics UPSC NOTE

 Recent performance of women candidates in the Rajasthan Assembly elections

  • The most recent Rajasthan Assembly elections were held in December 2023

Number of Candidates:

  • 50 women candidates contested out of the 200 assembly seats.

  • Party breakdown: BJP - 20, Congress - 28, Independents - 2.

Number of Winners:

  • Total: 20 women candidates emerged victorious.

  • Party breakdown: BJP - 9, Congress - 9, Independents - 2.

Is quota within political parties, the best way to increase women's representation in politics?

Advantages of quotas:

  • Increased representation: Quotas demonstrably increase the number of women in elected positions, leading to more diverse perspectives and policy outcomes.

  • Challenges stereotypes: They challenge societal biases against women holding leadership roles, potentially inspiring future generations.

  • Party accountability: Can force political parties to take concrete steps to recruit and support women candidates.

Disadvantages of quotas:

  • Tokenism: Critics argue that quotas can lead to tokenism, where women are elected simply to fulfill the quota rather than on merit.

  • Reverse discrimination: Some argue that quotas discriminate against men, unfairly limiting their opportunities.

  • Potential backlash: May create resentment among some voters and party members, hindering acceptance and long-term effectiveness.

Alternatives to quotas:

  • Training and mentorship programs: Equip women with the skills and networks needed to succeed in politics.

  • Financial support: Provide funding and resources to help women overcome financial barriers to running for office.

  • Changes to electoral systems: Implement proportional representation systems that make it easier for smaller parties with more women candidates to win seats.

  • Addressing underlying societal issuesTackle gender stereotypes, unconscious bias, and discriminatory practices that discourage women from entering politics.



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Learnerz IAS | Concept oriented UPSC Classes in Malayalam: Women representation in Politics UPSC NOTE
Women representation in Politics UPSC NOTE
Learnerz IAS | Concept oriented UPSC Classes in Malayalam
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