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Purple Frog UPSC NOTE

 Why in news

  • The Purple Frog, which is believed to have co-existed with dinosaurs.

  • It has similarities to the Sooglossidae family of frogs in Seychelles

  • The Anamalai hills is one of its prime habitats in Tamil Nadu. 

  • For years, the amphibian has been drawing the attention of researchers, who are striving to solve the mysteries of its unique year-long subterranean life.

  • When the State government announced the institution of the Tamil Nadu Endangered Species Conservation Fund (TNESCF) in its 2024 Budget.

  • A rare frog having a bloated body, pointed snout and stout limbs grabbed space in the posters of the special fund.

  • The Purple Frog, two species of which are found in unique habitats in Tamil Nadu, are among the many lesser known and endangered species to be covered under the fund.

  • Scientific Name: Nasikabatrachus sahyadrensis

  • Other Names: Indian Purple Frog, Pignose Frog

  • Size: Up to 7 cm (2.8 inches) long

  • Habitat: Western Ghats, India, in loose, damp, aerated soil with good canopy cover, at low elevations below 1,000 meters above sea level

  • Diet: Small invertebrates, primarily termites

  • Conservation Status: Endangered

  • The Purple Frog is a fascinating creature that spends most of its life underground

  • It only emerges during the monsoon season to breed. 

  • The frog is listed as Endangered by the IUCN due to habitat loss, deforestation, and consumption by local communities.

Nasikabatrachus sahyadrensis and Nasikabatrachus Bhupathi

Nasikabatrachus sahyadrensis

  • Common Name: Purple Frog, Indian Purple Frog, Pignose Frog

  • Size: Up to 7 cm (2.8 inches) long

  • Habitat: Western Ghats, India, in loose, damp, aerated soil with good canopy cover, at low elevations below 1,000 meters above sea level

  • Diet: Small invertebrates, primarily termites

  • Conservation Status: Endangered

Nasikabatrachus bhupathi

  • Common Name: Bhupathy's Purple Frog

  • Size: Up to 5 cm (2 inches) long

  • Habitat: Western Ghats, India, in loose, damp, aerated soil with good canopy cover, at low elevations below 1,000 meters above sea level

  • Diet: Small invertebrates, primarily termites

  • Conservation Status: Critically Endangered

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Learnerz IAS | Concept oriented UPSC Classes in Malayalam: Purple Frog UPSC NOTE
Purple Frog UPSC NOTE
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