Uttar Pradesh tackles Malnutrition UPSC NOTE

 How Uttar Pradesh tackles malnutrition by empowering women through community

  • Uttar Pradesh is a remarkable example of the importance of women’s empowerment in tackling malnutrition by supporting community-based micro enterprises led by self-help groups.

  • These enterprises produce fortified and nutritious foods for pregnant/breastfeeding mothers and children, provided as take home ration through the Integrated Child Development Services (ICDS) programme.

  • Engaging women from the community to run the take home ration production units is a game-changer. 

  • This unique gender-transformative approach provides livelihood opportunities to local women, empowering them economically. 

  • Over 4,000 women have organised themselves into 204 self-help group micro enterprises across 204 blocks in 43 districts. 

  • They have been provided with machinery and raw materials such as wheat at subsidised rates to produce and distribute take home ration. 

  • This project presents an excellent opportunity for them to earn a livelihood and contribute to the local economy as several ingredients are procured locally.

  • In the past, Uttar Pradesh followed a centralised model to produce and distribute take home rations.

  • However, with the government shifting to a de-centralised model, women from self-help groups are responsible for preparing specific caloric values ration and its supply

  • The aim is to generate an additional income of ₹8,000 a month for each woman.

  • The Department of Women and Child Development has also used the opportunity to re-formulate the take home ration.

  •  It is nutritious with the inclusion of high-quality milk powder, oil, vitamins and minerals, which

can help to support the health and well-being of children and prevent malnutrition. 

  • Different formulations were designed for different groups to address the monotony issue, and the packaging was reworked to reflect a sense of quality and create demand in the community

  • National Accreditation Board for Testing and Calibration Laboratories-accredited laboratories test the products before dispatch to Anganwadi centres to certify the requisite calorie and protein values and ensure food safety.

  • An app-based solution is being developed to build the capacities of women to produce take home rations

  • To improve the viability of the production units, women will receive training to develop nutritious products for the local market

  • They will use the same units they use to produce take home rations, which will enhance their income, improve the revenue of the take home ration units, and ensure the availability of nutritious food in local markets.

  • A pilot project is being implemented to strengthen the supply chain and track home rations using QR codes during delivery. 

  • The WFP supports this project and will enable government officials to track the Take home ration production, delivery status, and value chain.

  • The State-wide expansion of micro-enterprises led by women who produce take home rations for supplementary nutrition confirms successful targeting and demonstrates how empowering women can bring about effective and sustainable processes that help improve long-term nutrition in a community. 

  • This also highlights the significance of a multi-stakeholder approach towards technically sound and comprehensive solutions that are scalable by leveraging the strengths of the community.



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Learnerz IAS | Concept oriented UPSC Classes in Malayalam: Uttar Pradesh tackles Malnutrition UPSC NOTE
Uttar Pradesh tackles Malnutrition UPSC NOTE
Learnerz IAS | Concept oriented UPSC Classes in Malayalam
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