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Veto power of UNSC UPSC NOTE

 What is Veto Power of UNSC?

  • The veto power of the UN Security Council is a unique and often controversial mechanism

Who has it?

  • The five permanent members of the UNSC: China, France, Russia, the United Kingdom, and the United States

  • These countries hold their permanent seats based on their role in creating the UN after World War II and their status as nuclear-weapon states.

What does it do?

  • Allows these five countries to block any "substantive" resolution presented to the UNSC. 

This includes decisions on:

  1. Authorizing military action

  2. Imposing sanctions

  3. Admitting new UN members

  4. Appointing the UN Secretary-General

How does it work?

  • Any resolution needs nine votes in favor out of 15 to pass. 

  • But if one permanent member casts a veto, the resolution fails.

  • Abstention or absence does not block a resolution.

Why in news 

  • The resolution, prepared by Algeria, had called for an immediate humanitarian ceasefire; Washington says pact would put ‘sensitive negotiations in jeopardy’ risking the release of hostages.

  • The United States vetoed a UN Security Council resolution on Tuesday that called for an immediate ceasefire in Gaza, even as President Joe Biden faced mounting pressure to dial back support for Israel.

  • The resolution, which Algeria had been working on for three weeks, had demanded “an immediate humanitarian ceasefire that must be respected by all parties.


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Learnerz IAS | Concept oriented UPSC Classes in Malayalam: Veto power of UNSC UPSC NOTE
Veto power of UNSC UPSC NOTE
Learnerz IAS | Concept oriented UPSC Classes in Malayalam
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