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Agni 5 Missile UPSC NOTE

 Why in news

  • Prime Minister Narendra Modi on Monday announced the successful test-firing of Agni-5 ballistic missile with Multiple Independently Targetable Re-entry Vehicle (MIRV) technology by the Defence Research and Development Organisation (DRDO) under Mission Divyastra.

  • The flight test was carried out from Dr A.P.J. Abdul Kalam Island in Odisha

  • This is considered a major technological breakthrough.

Agni-5 missile

  • The Agni-V is a formidable nuclear-capable intercontinental ballistic missile developed by the DRDO of India. 

Here's a summary of its key features:

  • Range: Over 7,000 kilometers (with estimates reaching up to 8,000 km)

  • Propulsion: Three-stage solid-fueled motor with composite casing in the second and third stages.

  • Mobility: Road-mobile launcher, enabling launch from various locations.

  • Storage: Canisterized, offering protection and ease of transportation.

  • Guidance:

    • Primary: Ring laser gyroscope inertial navigation system (RLG-INS) for precise targeting.

    • Optional: GPS/NavIC satellite guidance for further accuracy.

  • Warhead: Capable of carrying a nuclear payload.

  • Potential future development: Multiple Independently Re-entry Vehicles (MIRVs) technology, allowing a single missile to carry multiple warheads and strike different targets.

What is Multiple re-entry vehicle technology?

  • Multiple Re-entry Vehicle technology equips a ballistic missile with the capability to carry and deploy multiple warheads. Here's a breakdown:

  • Function: Enables a single missile to strike multiple targets simultaneously.

  • Deployment:

    • MIRV : Most advanced version. Each warhead in a MIRV can be individually targeted to hit distinct locations.

  • MRV (Multiple Re-entry Vehicle): Less complex. Carries multiple warheads that disperse but cannot be independently aimed, creating a concentrated area of attack.

Strategic Significance:

  • Increased Destructive Potential: Significantly amplifies the offensive power of a single missile launch.

  • Challenges Missile Defense Systems: Multiple warheads complicate defense strategies as they require interception of numerous incoming threats.

  • It's crucial to remember that MIRV technology is primarily associated with Intercontinental Ballistic Missiles (ICBMs) carrying nuclear warheads, raising global security concerns.

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Learnerz IAS | Concept oriented UPSC Classes in Malayalam: Agni 5 Missile UPSC NOTE
Agni 5 Missile UPSC NOTE
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