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Azadirachtin UPSC NOTE

 Why in News

  • Researchers at the School of Biotechnology, Jawaharlal Nehru University, New Delhi have developed an Artificial Intelligence-based tool to predict the level of metabolite content in neem fruits as either low or high based on images of neem leaves and fruits

  • The AI-based approach makes the use of expensive and cumbersome analytical equipment like high-performance liquid chromatography (HPLC) redundant. 

  • The classification of fruits can be carried out in the field even by untrained people

  • The results have been posted on a preprint server; preprints are not peer-reviewed.

What is azadirachtin?

  • Azadirachtin is a naturally occurring compound found in the seeds of the neem tree (Azadirachta indica). 

  • It's the key ingredient behind neem oil's insecticidal properties

  • Origin: Extracted from neem seeds

  • Function: Acts as a broad-spectrum insecticide

  • Mode of action: Disrupts insects' growth, feeding, and reproduction in various ways:

    • Anti-feedant: Discourages insects from eating the plant

  • Molting disruptor: Interferes with the insect's molting process, leading to death or deformity

  • Repellent: Drives away adult insects and larvae

  • Sterilization: Reduces the insect's ability to reproduce

  • Egg-laying deterrence: Discourages egg-laying on treated plants.



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Learnerz IAS | Concept oriented UPSC Classes in Malayalam: Azadirachtin UPSC NOTE
Azadirachtin UPSC NOTE
Learnerz IAS | Concept oriented UPSC Classes in Malayalam
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