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 What do the rules say? 

  • Though the legislation was brought in for undocumented migrants.

  • The Rules specify several documents that are to be uploaded on an online portal before the application is processed

  • A document issued by a government authority in the three countries.

  • One document issued by Indian authorities, a sworn affidavit declaring the country of origin and date of entry in India.

  • Along with an eligibility certificate to be issued by a locally reputed community institution certifying that a person follows one of the six faiths are mandatory.

  • The Ministry has specified the following nine documents to prove that the applicant belongs to the three countries.

  •  Any document, copy of the passport, birth certificate, school or educational certificate, any identity document, licence, land or tenancy records issued by the government of Afghanistan or Bangladesh or Pakistan.

  • Any document that shows that either of the parents or grandparents or great grandparents of the applicant is or had been a citizen of one of the three countries or registration certificate or residential permit issued by the Foreigners Regional Registration Officer in India.

  • The applicant has to upload any one of the 20 listed documents such as Aadhaar, PAN card to prove entry in India. 

  • The MHA has not specified the nature of the institution that would certify an applicant’s faith.

What is the implication of the CAA in different States?

  • A large number of Hindus and Sikhs from Pakistan and Afghanistan who came to India through legal means.

  • But find that their documents like visas and passports have expired stand to gain from the CAA as it reduces the waiting period to avail citizenship to five years. 

  • However, they were anyway eligible for citizenship under Section 5 and Section 6 (1) of the Citizenship Act, 1955. 

  • According to Hindu Singh Sodha, Seemant Lok Sangathan, a group that advocates for the rights of Pakistani minority migrants in India.

  • Around 80,000 applications of Hindus from Pakistan have been pending with the authorities since 2010. 

  • Most Pakistani Hindus and Sikhs came here either on long term visas (LTV) or pilgrim visas.

  • The LTVs given for five years are a precursor to citizenship

  • The Congress-led United Progressive Alliance government in 2011 had decided to grant LTVs to hundreds of Hindus and Sikhs who came to India claiming religious persecution in Pakistan in 2010.

  • In West Bengal, a section of the Matua sect, who had migrated from Bangladesh (earlier East Pakistan), celebrated after the CAA rules were notified. 

  • There are around 2.8 crore people from the Scheduled Caste community who stand to benefit but they will have to declare their connection with Bangladesh first.

  • Assam is the only State where a National Register of Citizens (NRC) was compiled in 2019 on the directions of the Supreme Court

  • More than 19 lakh of the 3.29 crore applicants in Assam were left out of the list that took five years to compile at a cost of ₹1,220 crore

  • The Hindus, excluded from NRC and who stand to benefit from the CAA, may be reluctant to apply. 

  • According to Aman Wadud, an Assam-based lawyer, under the CAA, the Bengali Hindus will have to declare that they came from Bangladesh whereas they applied as Indians for NRC.



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Learnerz IAS | Concept oriented UPSC Classes in Malayalam: CAA Rules UPSC NOTE
Learnerz IAS | Concept oriented UPSC Classes in Malayalam
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