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Citizenship Amendment Act UPSC NOTE

 Implementation of the Citizenship Amendment Act in India

  • The Indian government officially notified the rules for implementing the CAA on March 11, 2024

  • This paves the way for the law's application after its passage in December 2019.

Key Points of Implementation:

  • Who benefits: The CAA expedites citizenship for undocumented immigrants (excluding Muslims) from Pakistan, Afghanistan, and Bangladesh who belong to specific religious minorities (Hindu, Sikh, Buddhist, Jain, Parsi, Christian).

  • Eligibility Criteria: These immigrants must have entered India before December 31, 2014, and resided in the country for at least five years (reduced from the standard 11 years).

  • Required documents: Applicants need to prove their origin country, religious identity, date of entry, and basic Hindi, English, or any other Indian language proficiency.


  • Religious discrimination: Critics argue the CAA discriminates against Muslims seeking refuge, violating India's secular constitution.

  • Exclusion of other persecuted groups: Opponents point out the law excludes minority communities facing religious persecution in other neighboring countries.

Current Situation:

  • Several states, particularly those with significant Muslim populations, have expressed reservations about implementing the CAA.

  • However, legally, states cannot defy the Act as citizenship falls under the central government's jurisdiction.

How the application process works 

  • The government launched an online web portal specifically for CAA applications.

  • Applicants can register using their email address and mobile number.

Application Steps:

  • Form Filling: The portal likely provides a digital form where applicants enter personal details, contact information, and relevant background information.

  • Document Upload: Required documents like passports, birth certificates, and proof of residence in India for the past five years need to be uploaded.

  • Language Test: The applicant might need to demonstrate basic proficiency in Hindi, English, or any designated Indian language.

Additional Points:

  • Mobile App: A mobile application named "CAA-2019" is planned for launch, offering a convenient way to apply through smartphones.

  • Application Fee: While no official announcement confirms a fee, staying updated on government pronouncements is advisable.

Eligibility criteria for applicants under the CAA

  • Eligible CommunitiesHindus, Jains, Buddhists, Sikhs, and Parsis from Pakistan, Afghanistan, and Bangladesh who are fleeing persecution or seeking refuge are eligible to apply. 

  • Residence Requirement: Applicants must have arrived in India before December 31, 2014.



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Learnerz IAS | Concept oriented UPSC Classes in Malayalam: Citizenship Amendment Act UPSC NOTE
Citizenship Amendment Act UPSC NOTE
Learnerz IAS | Concept oriented UPSC Classes in Malayalam
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