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Conference of Parties UPSC NOTE

 How are COP hosts decided?

  • Hosting duties for the Conference of the Parties (COP) follow a specific process:

Regional Rotation:

  • The core principle is rotation among the five United Nations regional groups:

    1. The African Group

    2. The Asia-Pacific Group

    3. The Eastern Europe Group

    4. The Latin American and Caribbean Group (GRULAC)

    5. The Western European and Others Group (WEOG)

Selection within Region:

  • Member countries of a designated region hold consultations to determine which country will volunteer to host the upcoming COP.

  • This internal discussion ensures a representative country is chosen within the region.

Formal Offer and Acceptance:

  • Once a country is selected internally, it submits a formal offer to host the COP to the UNFCCC (United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change) secretariat.

  • The COP body considers the offer and usually adopts a decision officially accepting it, subject to further confirmation.

Presidency Selection:

  • Similar to the hosting process, the regional group of the host country holds consultations to nominate a representative for the COP President position.

  • This nominated candidate is then elected President at the opening of the respective COP.

Do hosts substantially shape agenda?

  • Hosts of the Conference of the Parties do have some influence on shaping the agenda.

  • But it's not absolute power. 

Influence of the Host:

  • Setting the Tone: The host country, through its designated COP President, can prioritize certain areas of discussion within the broad themes set by the UNFCCC.

  • Proposing Additional Items: The host can suggest new agenda items relevant to their national interests or regional priorities.

  • Shaping the Narrative: The host country can use its platform to emphasize specific aspects of

climate change and steer the conversation in a certain direction.

Limitations of the Host:

  • Pre-defined Framework: The overall framework and core agenda items are established by the UNFCCC and previous COP decisions.

  • Multilateral Consensus: Any significant changes or additions to the agenda require approval from all participating nations.

  • Focus on Inclusivity: The COP President, though representing the host, needs to facilitate discussions and ensure all parties have a voice.

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Learnerz IAS | Concept oriented UPSC Classes in Malayalam: Conference of Parties UPSC NOTE
Conference of Parties UPSC NOTE
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