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Guinea Worm Disease UPSC NOTE

 Why in News

  • The Carter Center, a leader in the global elimination and eradication of diseases, recently reported that guinea worm disease was close to eradication

  • From 3.5 million cases a year in 21 countries in 1986.

  • The number had come down to 13 in five countries in 2023, a reduction of 99.99%. 

  • This would be the second disease after smallpox to be eradicated and the first one with no known medicines or vaccines. 

  • This has created increased attention to disease elimination, the first step in eradication. 

  • Ending the epidemics of malaria, tuberculosis and Neglected Tropical Diseases by 2030 is one of the Sustainable Development Goals set by the United Nations.

Guinea Worm Disease

  • Guinea worm disease, also known as dracunculiasis, is a parasitic disease caused by the worm Dracunculus medinensis

  • It is transmitted by drinking contaminated water that contains water fleas infected with guinea worm larvae.

  • The disease is debilitating but rarely fatal

  • The adult female worm, which can grow up to 3 feet long, emerges from the skin.

  • Usually on the leg or foot, causing a burning sensation and a painful blister. 

  • The worm then slowly emerges over several weeks or months.

  • Great progress has been made towards eradication of Guinea worm disease

  • The number of human cases annually has fallen from an estimated 3.5 million in the mid-1980s to just 15 cases reported worldwide in 2021

  • The World Health Organization is working to eradicate the disease completely.


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Learnerz IAS | Concept oriented UPSC Classes in Malayalam: Guinea Worm Disease UPSC NOTE
Guinea Worm Disease UPSC NOTE
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