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Gut Microbiome UPSC NOTE

 Why in News

  • Previously undescribed human gut bacteria that aid in the digestion of plant cellulose are scarce in urban societies but abundant in ancient and hunter-gatherer microbiomes, a new study says.

  • Humans rely on the gut microbiome to digest cellulose.

  •  The main component of plant fibre and a common element in diets that includes plant-based material

  • Dietary fibre is beneficial to gut microbiome stability. 

  • However, modern industrialised diets, which are dominated by processed foods, are lacking in plant fibre.

Gut Microbiome

  • The gut microbiome is a complex community of trillions of bacteria, viruses, and fungi that live in your intestines. 

  • These microbes play an important role in your health, helping you digest food, absorb nutrients, and fight off infection.

  • A balanced gut microbiome is essential for good health. 

  • When the gut microbiome is out of balance, it can lead to a variety of health problems, including:

  • Digestive problems, such as diarrhea, constipation, and irritable bowel syndrome (IBS)

  • Skin problems, such as eczema and psoriasis

  • Autoimmune diseases, such as rheumatoid arthritis and inflammatory bowel disease (IBD)

  • Mental health problems, such as anxiety and depression

There are a number of things you can do to support a healthy gut microbiome, including:

  1. Eating a healthy diet that is high in fiber.

  2. Getting regular exercise

  3. Managing stress

  4. Getting enough sleep

  5. Taking probiotics

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Learnerz IAS | Concept oriented UPSC Classes in Malayalam: Gut Microbiome UPSC NOTE
Gut Microbiome UPSC NOTE
Learnerz IAS | Concept oriented UPSC Classes in Malayalam
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