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Indian Education system UPSC NOTE

 Issue of a learning deficit in India's education system, despite high enrollment rates.

  • India has been struggling with a learning deficit for years now. 

  • And though there is more awareness about this thanks to Pratham’s annual surveys, little seems to have changed on the ground. 

  • Attendance in public schools tends to be low, so despite children being enrolled in school, many of them don’t learn much. 

  • This is largely because schools are unable to engage children

  • Therefore, children and parents see little value in school. 

  • Across classrooms, government school teachers attribute poor student learning outcomes to poor student attendance. 

  • When students don’t show up, teachers lose their motivation.

  • Only do little to increase the level of engagement with learners, which could in turn motivate students to show up. 

  • It’s a chicken and egg situation.

  • Students learn when there is motivation to do so.

  • This happens when classrooms are meaningful and psychologically safe spaces

  • However, in classrooms across India, the teacher focuses only on the few students who sit in the front rows

  • The teacher writes questions and often even the answers on the blackboard. 

  • The students spend most of their learning hours copying off the board while the teacher leaves the room to do “more important” work. 

  • The teacher asks questions, but only a few children generally answer

  • Otherwise, the class answers in a chorus. 

  • The children repeat after the teacher in unison.

  • The teacher asks if everyone has understood and receives an enthusiastic ‘yes’ in response

  • But this does not give a sense of how much the students have really learned. 

  • This looks and sounds like active learning, but is not, because the children are not cognitively or emotionally engaged. 

  • India has a long tradition of rote learning

  • Many have progressed in life learning this way, but this kind of learning does not serve all students. 

  • In any case, with the world changing so fast, children need different skills.

  • Now imagine a classroom where the teacher calls upon every child randomly. 

  • Every child is alert, curious, and attentive. 

  • The students are allowed to discuss and solve problems with their peers and learn from one another. 

  • Every child gets to touch, feel, and use the learning material — whether a maths manipulative, a book, or a science kit

  • The teacher stays in the classroom while the children work and gives them feedback in real time. 

  • The children cognitively engage with the topic.

  • There is a happy buzz of students taking ownership for their own learning

  • This is student engagement and this is what makes the classroom a meaningful space for every learner.

  • Student engagement is the key to driving better learning.

  • But this is missing from many classrooms.

  • Structured lessons, high quality teacher-student relationships, and student autonomy, i.e. allowing students choices in the classroom result in higher engagement and better learning outcomes. 

  • Simple changes in classroom techniques can positively impact the learning environment

  • In India, we have spent a few years discussing the Right to Education but this is a good time to shift the focus to the Right to Learning.



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Learnerz IAS | Concept oriented UPSC Classes in Malayalam: Indian Education system UPSC NOTE
Indian Education system UPSC NOTE
Learnerz IAS | Concept oriented UPSC Classes in Malayalam
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