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Intergovernmental Negotiating Body UPSC NOTE

 Why in News

  • In March 2021, an extraordinary call for a pandemic treaty was issued by 25 heads of government and international agencies.

  • Marking a pivotal moment in global health governance. 

  • The ninth meeting of the Intergovernmental Negotiating Body, the final leg of negotiations for the 30-page World Health Organization Pandemic Agreement, commenced last week (March 18). 

  • This is the most momentous time in global health since 1948. 

  • As we approach the World Health Assembly in late May, where the final draft will be presented for approval, the fate of the Pandemic Agreement hangs in the balance, with the risk of collapse looming large amidst contentious debates.

Intergovernmental Negotiating Body (INB)

  • The Intergovernmental Negotiating Body is a group established by the WHO to address global pandemic preparedness and response. 

Here's a breakdown of its key aspects:

  • Purpose: The INB's main goal is to draft and negotiate a new international agreement under the WHO's Constitution. 

  • This agreement will focus on strengthening how countries prevent, prepare for, and respond to pandemics 

  • Background: The INB was formed in December 2021 during a special session of the World Health Assembly. 

  • This decision came about in response to the COVID-19 pandemic highlighting the need for a more robust global response system.

  • Functioning: The INB operates on principles of inclusivity, transparency, efficiency, and member state leadership. 

  • It aims to reach decisions through consensus.

  • Current Status: The INB has been actively meeting throughout 2023 and 2024

  • The 4th regional meeting just concluded in February 2024

  • Their work is expected to culminate in recommendations for the World Health Assembly in May 2024, with a final instrument potentially being approved by member states later in 2024.

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Learnerz IAS | Concept oriented UPSC Classes in Malayalam: Intergovernmental Negotiating Body UPSC NOTE
Intergovernmental Negotiating Body UPSC NOTE
Learnerz IAS | Concept oriented UPSC Classes in Malayalam
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