Download Learnerz IAS app from the Play Store now! Download



Internet shutdowns in India UPSC NOTE

 Why is addressing energy inefficiency in residential buildings important?

  • The Indian government imposed a total of 780 shutdowns between January 1, 2014, and December 31, 2023.

  • According to data collected by the Software Freedom Law Centre (SFLC). 

  • Shutdowns flared up during the protests against the Citizenship Amendment Act in 2019.

  • The abrogation of Article 370 in 2019, and the introduction of Farm Bills in 2020

  • Internet disruptions in India accounted for more than 70% of the total loss to the global economy in 2020. 

  • Data shows India shut down the internet for over 7,000 hours in 2023.

  • Indian States and Union Territories can impose an internet shutdown only in case of a “public emergency” or in the interest of “public safety”, according to the Indian Telegraph Act. 

  • However, the law does not define what qualifies as an emergency or safety issue

  • The Supreme Court, in the landmark Anuradha Bhasin v. Union of India case, reiterated that internet shutdowns violate fundamental rights to freedom of expression and shutdowns lasting indefinitely are unconstitutional

  • Moreover, Courts have asked governments to make shutdown orders public, a provision poorly complied with, experts have noted.

What are the primary reasons cited by the Indian government for imposing internet shutdowns?

  • Regionally, Jammu and Kashmir saw the highest number of shutdowns at 433 in the last 12 years.

  • The longest blackout in 2023 took place in Manipur from May to December, amid ethnic clashes.

  • As of February 15 this year, internet shutdowns were active in Haryana amid the farmers’ protests.

  • The Union government invoked powers under a British-era law to suspend mobile internet as Punjab farmers are holding protests in Delhi.

  • Activists have pointed out that India failed to meet the ‘three-part test’ in imposing blackouts in J&K and Manipur

  • Under international law, to block any access to content or invoke coercive measures that violate people’s fundamental rights, countries should check if the action is provided for by law; pursues a legitimate aim; and follows standards of necessity and proportionality

  • The majority of internet outages in the last decade were localised to specific districts, cities and villages.

  • The trends differ globally: protests are the most common reason for internet shutdowns, followed by information control and political instability.

  • Between 2015 and 2022, more than 55,000 websites were blocked, according to SFLC data.

  • The biggest share of content censored was done under section 69A of the IT Act, by the Ministry of Electronics and Information Technology and the Ministry of Information and Broadcasting. 

  • URLs were blocked due to links to organisations banned under the Unlawful Activities (Prevention) Act. Recently, the Ministry ordered news outlet The Caravan to take down a story which alleged abuse, torture, and murderof civilians by the Indian Army in Jammu’s Poonch district.

India and global trends

  • Global Internet freedom has declined for the 13th consecutive year.

  • The environment for human rights online has deteriorated in 29 countries.

  • These data according to the latest Freedom House report

  • India’s ranking has hovered around the same benchmark in the last three years

  • This is a dip from 2016 and 2017, when India scored 59 points, to 50 points in 2023.



Amritsar,1,April 2024,301,Art & Culture,1,August 2023,251,Courses,7,Daily Current Affairs,48,December 2023,189,Disaster Management,2,Environment and Ecology,145,February 2024,228,Foundation Course,1,GDP,1,GEMS Club,1,GEMS Plus,1,Geography,151,Govt Schemes,2,GS 2,1,GS1,6,GS2,31,GS3,15,GST,1,History,7,Home,3,IAS Booklist,1,Important News,71,Indian Economy,112,Indian History,2,Indian Polity,129,International Organisation,12,International Relations,93,Invasive Plant,1,January 2024,240,July 2023,281,June 2022,6,June 2023,268,June 2024,140,March 2024,238,May 2022,17,May 2024,330,Mentorship,2,November 2023,169,October 2023,203,Places in News,2,Science & Technology,66,Science and Technology,86,September 2023,205,UPSC CSE,111,
Learnerz IAS | Concept oriented UPSC Classes in Malayalam: Internet shutdowns in India UPSC NOTE
Internet shutdowns in India UPSC NOTE
Learnerz IAS | Concept oriented UPSC Classes in Malayalam
Loaded All Posts Not found any posts VIEW ALL Readmore Reply Cancel reply Delete By Home PAGES POSTS View All RECOMMENDED FOR YOU LABEL ARCHIVE SEARCH ALL POSTS Not found any post match with your request Back Home Sunday Monday Tuesday Wednesday Thursday Friday Saturday Sun Mon Tue Wed Thu Fri Sat January February March April May June July August September October November December Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec just now 1 minute ago $$1$$ minutes ago 1 hour ago $$1$$ hours ago Yesterday $$1$$ days ago $$1$$ weeks ago more than 5 weeks ago Followers Follow THIS PREMIUM CONTENT IS LOCKED STEP 1: Share to a social network STEP 2: Click the link on your social network Copy All Code Select All Code All codes were copied to your clipboard Can not copy the codes / texts, please press [CTRL]+[C] (or CMD+C with Mac) to copy Table of Content