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 Why in News

  • Bank accounts cannot be frozen under the Unlawful Activities (Prevention) Act, 1967.

  • Unless the Centre conducts an inquiry and arrives at a subjective satisfaction of the funds in those accounts having been used or intended to be used for a banned organisation, the Madras High Court has ruled.

  • A Division Bench of Justices M.S. Ramesh and Sunder Mohan held so while quashing an executive order freezing the savings bank account of the Chennai-based Tamil Nadu Development Foundation Trust that was

suspected to be aiding Popular Front of India (PFI), a banned organisation under UAPA.

  • The judges pointed out that Section 7 of UAPA empowers the Centre to prohibit the use of funds of an unlawful association and Section 7(1) prescribes the procedures to be followed before passing such prohibitory orders. 

  • As per these provisions, it is mandatory to have a prior inquiry and a subjective satisfaction.


  • The UAPA, is an Indian law enacted in 1967.

Here's a summary of the Act:

  • Purpose: Aims to prevent unlawful activities of individuals and associations, and deal with terrorist activities.

Key provisions:

  • Allows the government to designate an organization or individual as terrorist if they are involved in terrorism.

  • Defines terrorist act as activities intended to threaten the unity of India or create a sense of fear.

  • Grants special powers to law enforcement for investigating and prosecuting terrorist activities.

Criticism of UAPA

  • The Act has been criticized for giving broad powers to the government.

  • This act can potentially lead to misuse

  • Some argue that it can infringe on civil liberties.

Recent amendments

  • The Act has been amended several times, most recently in 2019, to include individuals on the terrorist list.



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Learnerz IAS | Concept oriented UPSC Classes in Malayalam: UAPA UPSC NOTE
Learnerz IAS | Concept oriented UPSC Classes in Malayalam
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