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Rohingya Refugees UPSC NOTE

 Who are the Rohingya refugees?

  • The Rohingya are a Muslim minority ethnic group with their roots in the Arakan kingdom in Myanmar, formerly known as Burma

  • The Rohingya are culturally and religiously distinct from the majority Buddhist population in Myanmar. 

  • The Rohingya claim to have lived in Myanmar’s Rakhine State for generations.

  • But successive governments in the country have disputed their ties, labelling them illegal immigrants from Bangladesh

  • Myanmar has refused to recognise them, denying them citizenship since 1982, thus making them the world’s largest stateless population devoid of fundamental rights and security.

  • Their largest exodus began in August 2017 when a massive wave of violence broke out in Rakhine, driving more than 7.5 lakh people to seek sanctuary in Bangladesh to escape the brutality of security forces. 

  • Entire villages were razed, families were torn apart, and severe human rights violations were reported. 

  • The United Nations has described the 2017 violence as “ethnic cleansing”.

  • A 2018 UN fact-finding commission claimed the Myanmar government had “genocidal” intent against the Rohingya.

United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees (UNHCR) 

  • Full Name: Office of the United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees

  • Established: December 14, 1950

  • Mandate: Lead and coordinate international action to:

    1. Protect refugees and forcibly displaced communities

    2. Assist stateless people

  1. Help refugees return home voluntarily

  2. Integrate refugees locally in host countries

  3. Resettle refugees in third countries

  • Headquarters: Geneva, Switzerland

  • Global Reach: Operates in over 137 countries with a workforce exceeding 18,879 (as of 2020 data).

  • Focus: Safeguarding the rights and well-being of refugees, ensuring they can exercise the right to seek asylum and find safe refuge.

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Learnerz IAS | Concept oriented UPSC Classes in Malayalam: Rohingya Refugees UPSC NOTE
Rohingya Refugees UPSC NOTE
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