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Statio Shiv Shakti UPSC NOTE

 What is Statio Shiv Shakti?

  • Statio Shiv Shakti is the officially recognized landing site for Chandrayaan-3's Vikram lander on the Moon. 

  • The name was chosen by the Indian Space Research Organisation and approved by the International Astronomical Union on March 19, 2024.

  • Statio: Latin for "station" or "landing site"

  • Shiva Shakti: Represents the masculine (Shiva) and feminine (Shakti) duality in Indian mythology

  • Prime Minister Narendra Modi announced the name in August 2023, highlighting the concepts of determination (Shiva) and the power to achieve goals (Shakti). 

  • It also pays homage to the female scientists who contributed to the mission.

  • Statio Shiv Shakti is located at 69.373°S 32.319°E, near the lunar craters Manzinus C and Simpelius N.

  • Making it roughly 600 kilometers from the Moon's south pole. 

  • This landing marked India as the fourth nation to achieve a soft lunar landing and the first to touch down at the south pole.

International Astronomical Union (IAU)

  • The IAU is a non-governmental organisation with the objective of advancing astronomy in all aspects.

  • It includes promoting astronomical research, outreach, education, and development through global cooperation. 

  • It was founded in 1919 and is based in Paris, France.

  • Standardization: The IAU serves as the international authority for assigning designations and names to celestial bodies and surface features on them. 

  • This authority was recognized by the United Nations in 1982.

  • Scientific Collaboration: The IAU facilitates international collaboration among astronomers through a network of Divisions, Commissions, and Working Groups. 

  • These groups focus on a wide range of astronomical topics, from the study of the Sun and planets to the formation of galaxies and the universe as a whole.

  • Education and Outreach: The IAU promotes astronomy education and public outreach through a variety of initiatives, including the organization of the International Year of Astronomy in 2009.

  • The IAU is a vital organization for the advancement of astronomy

  • It plays a critical role in ensuring that astronomers around the world can work together effectively to explore the universe.



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Learnerz IAS | Concept oriented UPSC Classes in Malayalam: Statio Shiv Shakti UPSC NOTE
Statio Shiv Shakti UPSC NOTE
Learnerz IAS | Concept oriented UPSC Classes in Malayalam
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