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Vikram - 1 UPSC NOTE

 Why in News

  • Leading space-tech company Skyroot Aerospace on Wednesday successfully test-fired stage-2 of its Vikram-1 launch vehicle at the propulsion testbed of the ISRO at Satish Dhawan Space Centre in Sriharikota, Andhra Pradesh.

  • Launch vehicles comprise multiple stages

  • Stage-2, called Kalam-250, is critical during the ascent of the launch vehicle since it will propel the rocket through the earth’s atmosphere and into the vacuum of space.

  • The Vikram-1 launch will be a landmark event for the Indian space sector as it will be the country’s first private orbital rocket launch.

  • It follows the suborbital launch of India’s first private rocket — the Vikram-S by Skyroot in November 2022, said an official press release.

Vikram-1 launch vehicle

  • The Vikram-1 is part of a series of launch vehicles called Vikram.

  • Its developed by Skyroot Aerospace, an Indian private space company

  • These are small-lift launch vehicles designed for placing small satellites into orbit.

  • The Vikram-1 itself is a three-stage solid rocket with a fourth stage using liquid fuel for final adjustments in orbit

  • It is designed to carry a payload of 290 kg to a Sun Synchronous Orbit (SSO) at 500 km altitude, or 480 kg to a 500 km Low Earth Orbit (LEO) at a 45-degree inclination.

  • The first successful test flight of a Vikram rocket was a suborbital flight on November 18, 2022, named Mission Prarambh (meaning "beginning"). This mission used the Vikram-S rocket.

  • A successful test firing of the second stage of the Vikram-1, named Kalam-250, was performed on February 22, 2024. 

  • This is a major step towards the first orbital launch of a Vikram-1 which is expected in Q1 of 2024. 



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Learnerz IAS | Concept oriented UPSC Classes in Malayalam: Vikram - 1 UPSC NOTE
Vikram - 1 UPSC NOTE
Learnerz IAS | Concept oriented UPSC Classes in Malayalam
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