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World Water day UPSC NOTE

 World Water day

  • World Water Day, which falls on March 22 every year.

  • It is a global initiative backed by the United Nations.

  • It has been observed every year since 1993.

  • The attempt has been to raise awareness among stakeholders about the importance of freshwater

  • The theme this year is “Water for Peace”. 

  • As everyone knows, there was a time when clean water was available in wells, ponds, streams, rivers and other sources, but the situation is vastly different now. 

  • There is a problem of water availability with respect to quantity or quality.

Problems facing by india in water crisis

  • India's water crisis is a multifaceted issue, with several factors contributing to the problem:

  • India's population is massive and growing.

  • Leading to a constant rise in water demand for drinking, sanitation, and industry. 

  • This increasing demand puts a strain on already limited freshwater resources.

  • Excessive groundwater extraction for agriculture and industrial use is depleting aquifers. 

  • Pollution from untreated sewage and industrial waste contaminates rivers and lakes, making them unusable.

  • Erratic rainfall patterns due to climate change disrupt the natural water cycle

  • Droughts become more frequent, and unpredictable monsoons make it difficult to manage water resources effectively.

  • Poor Infrastructure, Leaking pipes and canals waste a significant amount of water loss.

  • Additionally, many areas lack proper infrastructure to collect, store, and distribute water efficiently.

  • Traditional irrigation practices can be wasteful, and a lack of proper pricing mechanisms discourages water conservation

  • There can also be issues with governance and corruption affecting water management.

  • The consequences of this water crisis are severe.

  • It impacts public health, with waterborne diseases being a major concern. 

  • Agriculture suffers due to water scarcity, affecting food security. 

  • Water scarcity can also lead to social conflicts between communities competing for limited resources.

Vital role of rainwater harvesting

  • Rainwater harvesting plays a crucial role in water conservation and sustainability for several reasons:

  • By collecting rainwater, the strain on rivers, lakes, and groundwater reserves

  • This is especially helpful during droughts or in areas where freshwater sources are scarce.

  • Rainwater harvesting provides an alternative water source for various uses, including irrigation, toilet flushing, and laundry. 

  • This can significantly reduce your reliance on municipal water supplies and lower your water bills.

  • Rainwater is naturally soft and free from many of the chemicals and minerals found in treated tap water. 

  • It's suitable for watering plants and can even be treated for drinking purposes in some cases.

  • Rainwater harvesting systems can help control stormwater runoff, which can cause flooding in urban areas. 

  • By collecting the rainwater, you reduce the amount of water flowing into storm drains and overflowing rivers.

  • Rainwater harvesting systems can be relatively inexpensive to set up, especially for simple barrel systems. 

  • The collected water is free to use, leading to long-term cost savings on your water bill.

  • Rainwater harvesting promotes water conservation and reduces the energy required to treat and pump freshwater

  • It can also help to improve soil quality and reduce erosion.

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Learnerz IAS | Concept oriented UPSC Classes in Malayalam: World Water day UPSC NOTE
World Water day UPSC NOTE
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